Pieroni et al. 2009

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Pieroni, A. & Giusti, M. E. Dezember 2009: Alpine ethnobotany in Italy: traditional knowledge of gastronomic and medicinal plants among the Occitans of the upper Varaita valley, Piedmont. In: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. Bd. 5, Nr. 1, S. 13, doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-32. (Übersetzung: Alpine Ethnobotanik in Italien: Traditionelles Wissen über gastronomische und medizinische Pflanzen bei den Okzitanern des oberen Varaita-Tals, Piemont. In: Zeitschrift für Ethnobiologie und Ethnomedizin)

Stichworte: Achillea herba-rotta Achillea millefoliumaerial partAlchemilla vulgarisAllium cepaAllium porrumAllium sativumAllium schoenoprasumalpine areaAntennaria dioicaArnica montanaArtemisia absinthiumArtemisia genipiArtemisia glacialisArtemisia umbelliformisArtemisia vulgarisAvena sativaBoletusBrassica oleraceaBunium bulbocastanumCarlina acaulisCarum carviCetraria islandicaChelidonium majusChenopodium bonus-henricusCirsium acauleCirsium arvenseCirsium spinosissimumCynodon dactylonEchium italicumethnobotanyFagopyrum esculentumFragaria vescafresh fruitfresh leafgastronomic useGentiana acaulisGentiana luteaHeracleum sphodyliumhome gardenHordeum vulgareHypericum perforatumItalian AlpsJuglans regiaJuniperus communisLaburnum alpinumLarix deciduaLathyrusLens culinarisLinum usitatissimumMalva neglectaMalva sylvestrisMentha spicataMyrrhis odorataNarcissus poeticusNasturtium officinaleNepeta catariaOnobrychis montanaPetasites hybridusPeucedanum ostruthiumPinus cembraPiper nigrumPlantago lanceolataPlantago majorPolygonum bistortaPrunus aviumPrunus domesticaRosa caninaRubus ideausRumex acetosaRumex acetosellaRumex alpinusSambucus nigraSecale cerealeSedum albumSolanum tuberosumSorbus ariaSorbus aucupariaTanacetum vulgareTaraxacum officinaleThymus pulegioidestraditional knowledgetraditional use of medical plantsTragopogon pratensisTussilago farfaraUrtica dioicaVaccinium myrtillusVaccinium uliginosumVaccinium vitis-idaeaValerianellaVeratrum albumVerbascum nigrumVeronica allioniiVeronica beccabungaVicia fabaViola odorataVitis viniferaZea mais

Zusammenfassung: A gastronomic and medical ethnobotanical study was conducted among the Occitan communities living in Blins/Bellino and Chianale, in the upper Val Varaita, in the Piedmontese Alps, North-Western Italy, and the traditional uses of 88 botanical taxa were recorded. Comparisons with and analysis of other ethnobotanical studies previously carried out in other Piemontese and surrounding areas, show that approximately one fourth of the botanical taxa quoted in this survey are also known in other surrounding Occitan valleys. It is also evident that traditional knowledge in the Varaita valley has been heavily eroded. This study also examined the local legal framework for the gathering of botanical taxa, and the potential utilization of the most quoted medicinal and food wild herbs in the local market, and suggests that the continuing widespread local collection from the wild of the aerial parts of Alpine wormwood for preparing liqueurs (Artemisia genipi, A. glacialis, and A. umbelliformis) should be seriously reconsidered in terms of sustainability, given the limited availability of these species, even though their collection is culturally salient in the entire study area.



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