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A list of all pages that have property "Zusammenfassung" with value "Mit LX. ausgemalten Kupfertafeln, und einem ausgemalten Titelkupfer". Since there have been only a few results, also nearby values are displayed.

Showing below up to 25 results starting with #1.

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List of results

  • Reichenbach et al. - Ic. Fl. Germ. et Helv. 22 1903  + (G. enquite Beck de Mannagetta: Günther Beck, Ritter von Mannagetta und Lerchenau)
  • Wulfhorst 2004  + (Im Rahmen der „Fallstudie Harz“ sollte an
    Im Rahmen der „Fallstudie Harz“ sollte an der Schnittstelle zwischen Grundlagenforschung und angewandter Forschung ein Beitrag zur Klärung der Frage geleistet werden, inwieweit zwei Zuläufe der Sösetalsperre im Westharz versauert bzw. versauerungsgefährdet sind; aus diesem Stausee wird Trinkwasser für mehrere Gemeinden in Norddeutschland gewonnen. Die Belastung des fast vollständig bewaldeten Einzugsgebiets der Sösetalsperre mit luftbürtigen Schadstoffen („Saurer“ Regen) zählte zu den höchsten in Mitteleuropa. […] (5 Seiten, nur Auszug)
    n Mitteleuropa. […] (5 Seiten, nur Auszug))
  • Triebel et al. 2016  + (In biodiversity research, many recognized
    In biodiversity research, many recognized content standards for data exchange, technical norms, and schemes for structuring data elements and terms exist. (Over 30 relevant collection standards are listed under http://gfbio.biowikifarm.net/wiki/Data_exchange_standards,_protocols_and_formats_relevant_for_the_collection_data_domain_within_the_GFBio_network). They include thousands of single elements with definitions. Expert teams are needed for the structuring and management of these data elements, sub-elements, items, and element relations to develop new standards or new database models. The work on element definition, datatype and content description, as well as on the relationships among various schemes might be done by using relational Structured Query Language (SQL) databases with rich clients. Advanced mechanisms are needed to link these external databases and their structural elements as well as content output with dynamic Semantic Web representations. For this reason, we implemented a pipeline to create Semantic MediaWiki (SMW) pages with stable Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) for the database structural elements of all entity-relation models in the SQL databases of the Diversity Workbench (DWB) (http://diversityworkbench.net/). This makes it possible to cite and persistently reference each of the more than 2,000 DWB elements, as so-called concepts, and each of the 250 tables, as so-called collections. Furthermore, this will facilitate mapping efforts between DWB elements and established TDWG content standards. A similar pipeline is established for the publication of novel content schemes or content standards for data exchange as needed, e.g., for the research project ‘MOD-CO: Towards an integrative and comprehensive standard for meta-omics data of collection objects’ (http://www.mod-co.net; funded by the German Research Foundation). The terms, concepts, or descriptors are managed in DiversityDescriptions. This relational database has a generalized triple-structured design allowing the flexible organization of descriptor states, (hierarchical) dependencies, and interrelations between descriptors. As a result of the pipeline the content of the database is integrated in a dynamic web publication, which allows appropriate citation of each single MOD-CO element with a stable URI and community-driven annotation. Both pipelines are building on work by Hagedorn, Endresen, O Tuama, Plank 2013, establishing the TDWG Terms Wiki (http://terms.tdwg.org) on the biowikifarm in the ViBRANT (Virtual Biodiversity Research and Access Network for Taxonomy) project. The pipelines use the same, unmodified SMW-templates for the SKOS (Simple Knowledge Organization System) compatible definition of concepts, classes and collections and thereby they are compatible with other schemes in the TDWG Terms Wiki.
    with other schemes in the TDWG Terms Wiki.)
  • Scarlat et al. 1985  + (In indomethacin-induced ulcers in albino r
    In indomethacin-induced ulcers in albino rats, the anti-ulcerogenic effects of some extracts prepared from Veronica officinalis L. were investigated. The extracts had a significant anti-ulcerogenic activity. In ulcer healing experiments performed in rats by administering reserpine, the extracts were found to enhance the regeneration of the gastric mucosa. These results seem to confirm the popular observations according to which the decoction from Veronica officinalis L. possessed useful properties in the treatment of gastric ulcers.
    erties in the treatment of gastric ulcers.)
  • Lambert et al. 1980  + (In three field soils, birdsfoot trefoil ('
    In three field soils, birdsfoot trefoil (''Lotus corniculatus'' L.) transplants infected with mycorrhizal fungi from 42 soils showed no clear superiority of strains from these individual soils after a year's growth. Differences among strains decreased with time and were only significant for all three soils at the first cutting. There were low-level correlations between yield and various chemical properties of the soils from which the cultures were derived. In the greenhouse, with sterilized soils low in P, trefoil yield was always greatest when the inoculum used was indigenous to the soil in which the plants were grown as compared to inocula from five different soils. These results suggest that indigenous strains of mycorrhizal fungi may possess an adaptation to edaphic factors and that the performance and persistence of strains otherwise more efficient in nutrient uptake may be limited by their lack of adaptation.
    ay be limited by their lack of adaptation.)
  • Kadereit et al. 2012  + (Incongruence between morphology and molecu
    Incongruence between morphology and molecules, i.e., genetic differentiation of lineages that are morphologically identical, or morphological variation among accessions sharing identical genotypes, has been increasingly reported and is most problematic in taxa with reduced morphologies. We here review and discuss these issues for plant taxonomy, taking Salicornia, one of the taxonomically most challenging genera of angiosperms, as a model. We argue in favour of a taxonomic system that remains as much ‘workable’ as possible for traditional morphology-based taxonomy, but avoids merging genetically widely divergent lineages despite their morphological similarity. Our revised classification of Eurasian taxa includes four species, ten subspecies and one nothosubspecies. The molecular and morphological characteristics as well as the geographical distribution of each taxon are described. A key to the Eurasian taxa based on morphology and geographical distribution is presented.
    nd geographical distribution is presented.)
  • Schlechtendal & Guimpel - Pharmacopoea Borussica 01 1830  + (Inhalt: * Arnica montana L. * Leontodon Ta
    Inhalt: * Arnica montana L. * Leontodon Taraxacum L. * Erythraca Centaurium Richard. * Valeriana officinalis L. * Carex arenaria L. * Amygdalus communis L. * Digitalis purpurea L. Seite: 14 * Atropa Belladonna L. Seite: 16 * Solanum Dulcamara L. Seite: 18 * Gratiola officinalis L. Seite: 20 * Aspidium Filix mas Swartz. * Conium maculatum L. * Scilla maritima L. Seite: 26 * Achillea Millefolium L. Seite: 28 * Daphne Mezereum L. Seite: 30 * Capsicum annuum L. Seite: 32 * Cydonia vulgaris Pers. Seite: 34 * Lycopodium clavatum L. Seite: 36 * Quercus pedunculata. Willd. * Quercus Robur. Willd. / Quercus infectoria. Oliv. Seite: 40 * Triticum repens L. Seite: 42 * Berberis vulgaris. L. Seite: 44 * Clematis erecta. * Tussilago Farfara. * Ulmus campestris. Seite: 48 * Ulmus effusa. Seite: 50 * Viola odorata. * Viola tricolor. Seite: 52 * Cochlearia officinalis. Seite: 54 * Cochlearia Armoracia. Seite: 56 * Ribes rubrum. * Sinapis alba. * Sinapis nigra. Seite: 60 * Salix fragilis. Seite: 62 * Salix pentandra. Seite: 64 * Rumex obtusifolius * Saponaria officinalis. * Salvia officinalis. * Lavandula Spica. * Lavandula vera. Seite: 72 * Rhododendron chrysanthum. Seite: 74 * Cephaelis Ipecacuanha. * Tamarindus indica. Seite: 98 * Datura Stramonium. * Plantago major. * Plantago Cynops. * Plantago arenaria. * Rosa Centifolia. Seite: 106 * Rosa Gallica. Seite: 108 * Rosa moschata. * Linaria vulgaris. * Ledum palustre. Seite: 112 * Rosmarinus officinalis. Seite: 114 * Galipea Cusparia * Convallaria majalis. * Sambucus nigra. * Arbutus uva ursi. Seite: 120 * Veronica officinalis. Seite: 122 * Viscum album. Seite: 124 * Pyrus Malus. * Prunus domestica. * Prunus Cerasus. * Prunus Laurocerasus. Seite: 130 * Glechoma hederaceum. Seite: 132 * Helleborus niger. * Melaleuca Cajuputi. * Anemone pratensis. * Ficus Carica. * Citrus medica. Seite: 140 * Citrus Aurantium. Seite: 142 * Caryophyllus aromaticus. Seite: 144 * Myristica moschata. Seite: 146 * Theobroma Cacao. Seite: 148 * Calendula officinalis. Seite: 149 * Marrubium vulgare. * Linum usitatissimum. Seite: 152 * Malva rotundifolia. Seite: 154 * Malva sylvestris. * Althaea rosea. Seite: 156 * Althaea officinalis. Seite: 158 * Hypericum perforatum. * Rhamnus catharticus. * Aesculus Hippocastanum. Seite: 162 * Oxalis Acetosella. Seite: 164 * Papaver Rhoeas. Seite: 166 * Papaver somniferum. * Punica Granatum. Seite: 170 * Geum urbanum. Seite: 172 * Tormentilla erecta. * Chelidonium majus. * Menyanthes trifoliata. * Fumaria officinalis. Seite: 178 * Colchicum autumnale. * Myrtus Pimenta. * Veratrum officinale. * Juglans regia. * Guajacum officinale. Seite: 187 * Saccharum officinarum.
    inale. Seite: 187 * Saccharum officinarum.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.10 1842  + (Inhalt: * Tafel 649. Gentiana ciliata Linn
    Inhalt: * Tafel 649. Gentiana ciliata Linné. * Tafel 650. Gentiana obtusifolia Willdenow. * Tafel 651. Trientalis europaea Linné. * Tafel 652. Lysimachia nemorum Linné. * Tafel 653. Samolus Valerandi Linné. * Tafel 654. Limosella aquatica Linné. * Tafel 655. Eryngium maritimum Linné. * Tafel 656. Campanula glomerata Linné. * Tafel 657. Campanula Trachelium Linné. * Tafel 658. Campanula rapunculoides Linné. * Tafel 659. Campanula Thaliana Wallroth. * Tafel 660. Campanula rotundifolia Linné. * Tafel 661. Alisma natans Linné. * Tafel 662. Montia minor Gmelin. * Tafel 663. Lactuca Scariola Linné. * Tafel 664. Lactuca virosa Linné. * Tafel 665. Lactuca muralis De Candolle. * Tafel 666. Tanacetum vulgare Linné. * Tafel 667. Geum Willdenowii Buek. * Tafel 668. Ranunculus Philonotis Ehrhart. * Tafel 669. Peplis Portula Linné. * Tafel 670. Solanum miniatum Bernhardi. * Tafel 671. Solanum villosum Lamark. * Tafel 672. Solanum humile Bernhardi. * Tafel 673. Hieracium Pilosella Linné. * Tafel 674. Hieracium Auricula Linné. * Tafel 675. Symphytum tuberosum Linné. * Tafel 676. Teesdalia Iberis De Candolle. * Tafel 677. Cardamine amara Linné. * Tafel 678. Cardamine pratensis Linné. * Tafel 679. Gagea stenopetala Reichenb. * Tafel 680. Gagea arvensis Schultes. * Tafel 681. Gagea lutea Schultes. * Tafel 682. Gagea saxatilis Koch. * Tafel 683. Gagea spathacea Schultes. * Tafel 684. Antennaria dioica Gärtner. * Tafel 685. Berberis vulgaris Linné. * Tafel 686. Pinus sylvestris Linné. * Tafel 687. Turritis glabra Linné. * Tafel 688. Nasturtium officinale Rob. Br. * Tafel 689. Parietaria officinalis Linné. * Tafel 690. Urtica urens Linné. * Tafel 691. Urtica dioica Linné. * Tafel 692. Trifolium hybridum Linné. * Tafel 693. Trifolium medium Linné. * Tafel 694. Hydrocotyle vulgaris Linné. * Tafel 695. Nepeta Cataria Linné. * Tafel 696. Mililotus alba Lamark. * Tafel 697. Melilotus macrorrhiza Persoon. * Tafel 698. Mercurialis perennis Linné. * Tafel 699. Mercurialis annua Linné. * Tafel 700. Torilis Anthriscus Gmelin. * Tafel 701. Pastinaca sativa Linné. * Tafel 702. Sium latifolium Linné. * Tafel 703. Pimpinella magna Linné. * Tafel 704. Pimpinella Saxifraga Linné. * Tafel 705. Pimpinella nigra Willdenow. * Tafel 706. Heracleum Sphondylium Linné. * Tafel 707. Cnidium venosum Koch. * Tafel 708. Daucus Carota Linné. * Tafel 709. Seseli coloratum Ehrhart. * Tafel 710. Peucedanum Cervaria Lapeyrouse. * Tafel 711. Anthriscus sylvestris Hoffmann. * Tafel 712. Anthriscus Cerefolium Hoffmann. * Tafel 713. Chaerophyllum temulum Linné. * Tafel 714. Chaerophyllum bulbosum Linné. * Tafel 715. Carduus crispus Linné. * Tafel 716. Cirsium palustre Scopoli. * Tafel 717. Lappa tomentosa Lamark. * Tafel 718. Lappa major Gärtner. * Tafel 719. Lappa minor De Candolle. * Tafel 720. Cannabis sativa Linné.
    dolle. * Tafel 720. Cannabis sativa Linné.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.01, BHL-103396 1833  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 1. Orchis Morio Linné. : T
    Inhalt: : Tafel 1. Orchis Morio Linné. : Tafel 2. Orchis palustris Jacquin. : Tafel 3. Orchis coriophora Linné. : Tafel 4. Orchis latifolia Linné : Tafel 5. Orchis lanceata Dietrich : Tafel 6. Orchis maculata Linné : Tafel 7. Platanthera bifolia Richard. : Tafel 8. Gymnadenia Conopsea Richard. : Tafel 9. Herminium Monorchis Rob: Brown : Tafel 10. Neottia latifolia Richard : Tafel 11. Epipactis palustris Swartz : Tafel 12. Epipactis latifolia Swartz : Tafel 13. Malaxis paludosa Swartz. : Tafel 14. Malaxis monophylla Swartz. : Tafel 15. Liparis Loeselii Richard. : Tafel 16. Spiranthes autumnalis Richard. : Tafel 17. Goodyera repens Richard. : Tafel 18. Cephalanthera pallens Richard. : Tafel 19. Cephalanthera ensifolia Richard. : Tafel 20. Cephalanthera rubru Richard. : Tafel 21. Neottia Nidus avis Richard. : Tafel 22. Neottia cordata Richard. : Tafel 23. Corallorhiza innata R. Br. : Tafel 24. Cypripedium Catceolus Linné. : Tafel 25. Butomus umbellatus Linné. : Tafel 26. Sparganium ramosum Smith. : Tafel 27. Sparganium simplex Smith. : Tafel 28. Sparganium natans Linné. : Tafel 29. Tofieldia calyculata Wahlenbg. : Tafel 30. Colchicum autumnale Linné. : Tafel 31. Crocus vernus Willd. : Tafel 32. Galanthus nivalis Linné. : Tafel 33. Convallaria majalis Linné. : Tafel 34. Polygonatum vulgare Redouté. : Tafel 35. Polygonatum multiflorum Moench. : Tafel 36. Polygonatum verticillatum Moench. : Tafel 37. Maianthemum bifolium de Candolle. : Tafel 38. Streptopus amplexifolius Persoon. : Tafel 39. Paris quadrifolia Linné. : Tafel 40. Muscari botryoides Miller. : Tafel 41. Muscari racemosum Willd. : Tafel 42. Muscari comosum Willdenow. : Tafel 43. Gladiolus pratensis Dietrich. : Tafel 44. Gladiolus imbricatus Linné : Tafel 45. Iris sibirica Linné. : Tafel 46. Iris Pseudacorus Linné. : Tafel 47. Iris germanica Linné. : Tafel 48. Iris sambucina Linné : Tafel 49. Triglochin palustre Linné. : Tafel 50. Triglochin maritimum Linné : Tafel 51. Scheuchzeria palustris Linné. : Tafel 52. Asparagus officinalis Linne. : Tafel 53. Anthericum Liliago Linne. : Tafel 54. Anthericum ramosum Linné. : Tafel 55. Ornithogalum nutans Linné. : Tafel 56. Ornithogalum umbellatum Linné. : Tafel 57. Allium rotundum Linné : Tafel 58. Allium Schoenoprasum Linné. : Tafel 59. Sagittaria sagittifolia Linné. : Tafel 60. Hydrocharis Morsus Ranae Linné. : Tafel 61. Alisma Plantago L. : Tafel 62. Calla palustris Linné. : Tafel 63. Orchis militaris L. : Tafel 64. Orchis fusca. Jacq. : Tafel 65. Anacamptis pyramidalis. Richard. : Tafel 66. Gymnadenia odoratissima. Richard. : Tafel 67. Habenaria albida. R. Br. : Tafel 68. Gymnadenia viridis. Richard. : Tafel 69. Ophrys Myodes, Linné. : Tafel 70. Ophrys aranifera, Smith. : Tafel 71. Ophrys apifera Huds. : Tafel 72. Limodorum abortivum Linné.
    ds. : Tafel 72. Limodorum abortivum Linné.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.03 1835  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 145. Orobanche Buekii Diet
    Inhalt: : Tafel 145. Orobanche Buekii Dietrich. : Tafel 146. Orobanche Galii Duby. : Tafel 147. Orobanche tubiflora Dietrich. : Tafel 148. Orobanche elatior Sutton. : Tafel 149. Orobanche speciosa de Candolle. : Tafel 150. Orobanche coerulea Villars. : Tafel 151. Orobanche robusta Dietrich. : Tafel 152. Alectorolophus hirsutus Allioni. : Tafel 153. Galeopsis ochroleuca Lamark. : Tafel 154. Galeopsis Tetrahit Linné. : Tafel 155. Teucrium Chamaedrys Linné. : Tafel 156. Convolvulus arvensis Linné. : Tafel 157. Silene chlorantha Ehrhart. : Tafel 158. Silene Otites Persoon. : Tafel 159. Lychnis dioica Linné. : Tafel 160. Erythraea Centaureum Persoon. : Tafel 161. Erythraea pulchella Fries. : Tafel 162. Erythraea linarifolia Persoon. : Tafel 163. Anemone nemorosa Linné. : Tafel 164. Anemone ranunculoides Linné. : Tafel 165. Anemone sylvestris Linné. : Tafel 166. Potentilla alba Linné. : Tafel 167. Potentilla cinerea Chaix. : Tafel 168. Potentilla verna Linné. : Tafel 169. Potentilla opaca Linné. : Tafel 170. Potentilla rupestris Linné. : Tafel 171. Potentilla reptans Linné. : Tafel 172. Tormentilla reptans Linné. : Tafel 173. Tormentilla erecta Linné. : Tafel 174. Myosorus minimus Linné. : Tafel 175. Ranunculus auricomus Linné. : Tafel 176. Ranunculus bulbosus Linné. : Tafel 177. Ranunculus repens Linné. : Tafel 178. Ranunculus acris Linné. : Tafel 179. Ranunculus sceleratus Linné. : Tafel 180. Ranunculus Flammula Linné. : Tafel 181. Ranunculus Lingua Linné. : Tafel 182. Ranunculus arvensis Linné. : Tafel 183. Ranunculus aquatilis Linné. : Tafel 184. Chelidonium majus Linné. : Tafel 185. Papaver Rhoeas Linné. : Tafel 186. Papaver dubium Linné. : Tafel 187. Papaver Argemone Linné. : Tafel 188. Papaver hybridum Linné. : Tafel 189. Malva pusilla Smith. : Tafel 190. Malva rotundifolia Linné. : Tafel 191. Malva sylvestris Linné. : Tafel 192. Malva Alcea Linné. : Tafel 193. Saponaria officinalis Linné. : Tafel 194. Lychnis Githago Scopoli. : Tafel 195. Lychnis Flos Cuculi Linné. : Tafel 196. Dianthus suberbus Linné. : Tafel 197. Dianthus Carthusionorum Linné. : Tafel 198. Circaea lutetiana Linné. : Tafel 199. Anchusa officinalis Linné. : Tafel 200. Lycopsis arvensis Linné. : Tafel 201. Leonurus Cardiaca Linné. : Tafel 202. Marubium vulgare Linné. : Tafel 203. Datura Stramonium Linné. : Tafel 204. Hyoscyamus niger Linné. : Tafel 205. Corrigiola littoralis Linné. : Tafel 206. Littorella lacustris Linné. : Tafel 207. Plantago major Linné. : Tafel 208. Plantago media Linné. : Tafel 209. Plantago lanceolata Linné. : Tafel 210. Plantago arenaria Kitaibel. : Tafel 211. Jasione montana Linné. : Tafel 212. Galeopsis pubescens Besser. : Tafel 213. Acinos thymoides Moench. : Tafel 214. Oenothera biennis Linné. : Tafel 215. Gypsophila serotina Hayne. : Tafel 216. Cerastium aquaticum Linné.
    e. : Tafel 216. Cerastium aquaticum Linné.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.04 1836  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 217. Linnaea borealis Gron
    Inhalt: : Tafel 217. Linnaea borealis Gronovius. : Tafel 218. Hedera Helix Linné. : Tafel 219. Andromeda polifolia Linné. : Tafel 220. Helianthemum vulgare Gärtner. : Tafel 221. Anagallis phoenicea Lamark. : Tafel 222. Ranunculus polyanthemos Linné. : Tafel 223. Arum maculatum Linné. : Tafel 224. Scilla bifolia Aiton. : Tafel 225. Allium ursinum Linné. : Tafel 226. Orchis ustulata Linné. : Tafel 227. Orchis sambucina Linné. : Tafel 228. Aceras anthropophora Rob. Br. : Tafel 229. Teucrium Scorodonia Linné. : Tafel 230. Ballota foetida Lamark. : Tafel 231. Scutellaria minor Linné. : Tafel 232. Ajuga Chamaepitys Linné. : Tafel 233. Exacum filiforme Willdenow. : Tafel 234. Gentiana germanica Willdenow. : Tafel 235. Erica cinerea Linné. : Tafel 236. Erica Tetralix Linné. : Tafel 237. Chimaphila umbellata Nuttal. : Tafel 238. Potentilla recta Linné. : Tafel 239. Silene inflata Smith. : Tafel 240. Oxalis corniculata Linné. : Tafel 241. Chrysosplenium alternifolium Linné. : Tafel 242. Chrysosplenium oppositifolium Linné. : Tafel 243. Saxifraga granulata Linné. : Tafel 244. Saxifraga tridactylites Linné. : Tafel 245. Pulmonaria officinalis Linné. : Tafel 246. Hepatica triloba Chaix. : Tafel 247. Hypericum pulchrum Linné. : Tafel 248. Hypericum elodes Linné. : Tafel 249. Orobanche Rapum Thuillier. : Tafel 250. Orobanche ramosa Linné. : Tafel 251. Orobanche Epithymum De Candolle. : Tafel 252. Orobanche rubiginosa Dietrich. : Tafel 253. Orobanche laxiflora Reichenbach. : Tafel 254. Dianthus deltoides Linné. : Tafel 255. Ledum palustre Linné. : Tafel 256. Cynoglossum officinale Linné. : Tafel 257. Sedum acre Linné. : Tafel 258. Sedum sexangulare Linné. : Tafel 259. Sedum reflexum Linné. : Tafel 260. Gratiola officinalis Linné. : Tafel 261. Verbascum thapsiforme Schrader. : Tafel 262. Veronica officinalis Linné. : Tafel 263. Veronica prostata Linné. : Tafel 264. Veronica latifolia Linné. : Tafel 265. Veronica scutellata Linné. : Tafel 266. Valeriana officinalis Linné. : Tafel 267. Echinospermum Lappula Lehmann. : Tafel 268. Spiraea Ulmaria Linné. : Tafel 269. Melampyrum cristatum Linné. : Tafel 270. Melampyrum arvense Linné. : Tafel 271. Hypericum perferatum Linné. : Tafel 272. Hypericum tetrapterum Fries. : Tafel 273. Potentilla argentea Linné. : Tafel 274. Sanguisorba officinalis Linné. : Tafel 275. Calamintha officinalis. Moench. : Tafel 276. Polygala vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 277. Polygala amara Linné. : Tafel 278. Polygala austriaca Crantz. : Tafel 279. Polygala comosa Schkuhr. : Tafel 280. Althaea officinalis Linné. : Tafel 281. Polygonum aviculare Linné. : Tafel 282. Polygonum Bistorta Linné. : Tafel 283. Polygonum amphibium Linné. : Tafel 284. Polygonum Persicaria Linné. : Tafel 285. Polygonum Hydropiper Linné. : Tafel 286. Polygonum minus Hudson. : Tafel 287. Ranunculus lanuginosus Linné. : Tafel 288. Hypericum hirsutum Linné.
    né. : Tafel 288. Hypericum hirsutum Linné.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.05 1837  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 289. Cucubalus bacciferus
    Inhalt: : Tafel 289. Cucubalus bacciferus Linné. : Tafel 290. Silene conica Linné. : Tafel 291. Silene tartarica Linné. : Tafel 292. Adonis vernalis Linné. : Tafel 293. Drosera rotundifolia Linné. : Tafel 294. Drosera anglica Hudson. : Tafel 295. Drosera longifolia Linné. : Tafel 296. Chenopodium opulifolium Schrader. : Tafel 297. Chenopodium album Linné. : Tafel 298. Chenopodium ficifolium Smith. : Tafel 299. Chenopodium rubrum Linné. : Tafel 300. Chenopodium crassifolium Hort. par. : Tafel 301. Asarum europaeum Linné. : Tafel 302. Daphne Mezereum Linné. : Tafel 303. Salsola Kali Linné. : Tafel 304. Hippuris vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 305. Herniaria glabra Linné. : Tafel 306. Herniaria hirsuta Linné. : Tafel 307. Geum urbanum Linné. : Tafel 308. Geum rivale Linné. : Tafel 309. Mentha viridis Linné. : Tafel 310. Mentha sylvestris Linné. : Tafel 311. Mentha rotundifolia Linné. : Tafel 312. Pulegium vulgare Miller. : Tafel 313. Mentha aquatica Linné. : Tafel 314. Mentha arvensis Linné. : Tafel 315. Pulmonaria officinalis Linné. : Tafel 316. Rhytispermum arvense Link. : Tafel 317. Potentilla Fragaria Poiret. : Tafel 318. Fragaria vesca Linné. : Tafel 319. Fragaria collina Ehrhart. : Tafel 320. Cerastium arvense Linné. : Tafel 321. Holosteum umbellatum Linné. : Tafel 322. Stellaria Holostea Linné. : Tafel 323. Stellaria media Smith. : Tafel 324. Arenaria trinervia Linné. : Tafel 325. Hypericum humifusum Linné. : Tafel 326. Lysimachia thyrsiflora Linné. : Tafel 327. Asperula tinctoria Linné. : Tafel 328. Silene nutans Linné. : Tafel 329. Stellaria palustris Retz. : Tafel 330. Stellaria graminea Linné. : Tafel 331. Erodium cicutarium Smith. : Tafel 332. Veronica agrestis Linné. : Tafel 333. Veronica arvensis Linné. : Tafel 334. Veronica Beccabunga Linné. : Tafel 335. Verbascum Lychnitis Linné. : Tafel 336. Delphinium Consolida Linné. : Tafel 337. Thymus exserens Ehrh. : Tafel 338. Thymus Serpyllum Linné. : Tafel 339. Thymus citriodorus Schreb. : Tafel 340. Thymus lanuginosus Schkuhr. : Tafel 341. Thymus pannonicus Allioni. : Tafel 342. Sempervivum soboliferum Sims. : Tafel 343. Aristolochia Clematitis Linné. : Tafel 344. Stachys germanica Linné. : Tafel 345. Sambucus Ebulus Linné. : Tafel 346. Spergula nodosa Linné. : Tafel 347. Gentiana asclepiadea Linné. : Tafel 348. Fumaria officinalis Linné. : Tafel 349. Arctostaphylos Uva ursi Sprengel. : Tafel 350. Vaccinium Vitis idaea Linné. : Tafel 351. Saxifraga Aizoon Linné. : Tafel 352. Ranunculus aconitifolius Linné. : Tafel 353. Teucrium Botrys Linné. : Tafel 354. Leonurus Marrubiastrum Linné. : Tafel 355. Anagallis coerulea Lamark. : Tafel 356. Viola persicifolia Schkuhr. : Tafel 357. Viola lactea Smith. : Tafel 358. Viola hirta Linné. : Tafel 359. Viola palustris Linné. : Tafel 360. Stellaria crassifolia Ehrhart.
    Tafel 360. Stellaria crassifolia Ehrhart.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.07 1839  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 433. Epipogium Gmelini Ric
    Inhalt: : Tafel 433. Epipogium Gmelini Richard. : Tafel 434. Orchis variegata Jacquin. : Tafel 435. Epipactis atrorubens Rostkovius. : Tafel 436. Nigella arvensis Linné. : Tafel 437. Orobanche Krausei Dietrich : Tafel 438. Orobanche macrantha Dietrich. : Tafel 439. Orobanche gilva Dietrich. : Tafel 440. Orobanche torquata Reichenbach. : Tafel 441. Orobanché citrina Dietrich. : Tafel 442. Monotropa Hypopitys Linné. : Tafel 443. Pyrola uniflora Linné. : Tafel 444. Pyrola rotundifolia Linné. : Tafel 445. Pyrola minor Linné. : Tafel 446. Asperula galioides Marsch a Bieb. : Tafel 447. Linaria spuria Miller. : Tafel 448. Cotoneaster vulgaris Lindley. : Tafel 449. Cheirinia crepidifolia nob. : Tafel 450. Diplotaxis tenuifolia De Cand. : Tafel 451. Thlaspi perfoliatum Linné. : Tafel 452. Draba muralis Linné. : Tafel 453. Alyssum montanum Linné. : Tafel 454. Lepidium graminifolium Linné. : Tafel 455. Bupleurum falcatum Linné. : Tafel 456. Bupleurum rotundifolium Linné. : Tafel 457. Agaricus (Pluteus) speciosus Fries. : Tafel 458. Agaricus (Pluteus) aeruginosus Fries. : Tafel 459. Agaricus (Pluteus) Neesii Kl. : Tafel 460. Merulius tremellosus Schrader. : Tafel 461. Polyporus radiatus Sowerby. : Tafel 462. Hydnum imbricatum Linné. : Tafel 463. Sparassis crispa Fries. : Tafel 464. Gautieria morchellaeformis Vitt. : Tafel 465. Hydnangium carneum Wallroth. : Tafel 466. Hymenangium album Klotzsch. : Tafel 467. Sphaerosoma fuscescens Klotzsch. : Tafel 468. Hyperrhiza liquaminosa Kl. : Tafel 469. Agaricus (Lactarius) vellereus Fr. : Tafel 470. Agaricus personatus Fries. : Tafel 471. Agaricus squarrosus Oeder. : Tafel 472. Polyporus adustus Fries. : Tafel 473. Thelephora terrestris Ehrb. : Tafel 474. Genea verrucosa Vittadini. : Tafel 475. Exidia plicata. Kl. : Tafel 476. Morchella esculenta Pers. : Tafel 471. Pulsatilla pratensis Miller. : Tafel 478. Pulsatilla vulgaris Miller : Tafel 479. Pulsatilla vernalis Miller. : Tafel 480. Pulsatilla patens Miller. : Tafel 481. Pulsatilla alpina de l'Arbre. : Tafel 482. Cynanchum Vincetopicum Rob.Br. : Tafel 483. Orobus vernus Linné. : Tafel 484. Orobus tuberosus Linné. : Tafel 485. Lotus uliginosus Sehkuhr. : Tafel 486. Lotus corniculatus Linné. : Tafel 487. Tetragonolobus siliquosus Roth. : Tafel 488. Spiraea Filipendula Linné. : Tafel 489. Alchemilla vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 490. Alchemilla Aphanes Leers : Tafel 491. Dianthus arenarius Linné. : Tafel 492. Senebiera coronopus Poiret. : Tafel 493. Dipsacus sylvestris Linné. : Tafel 494. Centunculus minimus Linné. : Tafel 495. Inula Britannica Linné. : Tafel 496. Bellis perennis Linné. : Tafel 497. Senecio vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 498. Senecio Jacobaea Linné. : Tafel 499. Cirsium lanceolatum Scopoli. : Tafel 500. Bidens tripartita Linné. : Tafel 501. Sonchus palustris Linné. : Tafel 502. Sonchus oleraceus Linné. : Tafel 503. Sonchus asper Fuchs. : Tafel 504. Achillea Millefolium Linné.
    . : Tafel 504. Achillea Millefolium Linné.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.07 archive-floraregniboruss07diet - 1839  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 433. Epipogium Gmelini Ric
    Inhalt: : Tafel 433. Epipogium Gmelini Richard. : Tafel 434. Orchis variegata Jacquin. : Tafel 435. Epipactis atrorubens Rostkovius. : Tafel 436. Nigella arvensis Linné. : Tafel 437. Orobanche Krausei Dietrich : Tafel 438. Orobanche macrantha Dietrich. : Tafel 439. Orobanche gilva Dietrich. : Tafel 440. Orobanche torquata Reichenbach. : Tafel 441. Orobanché citrina Dietrich. : Tafel 442. Monotropa Hypopitys Linné. : Tafel 443. Pyrola uniflora Linné. : Tafel 444. Pyrola rotundifolia Linné. : Tafel 445. Pyrola minor Linné. : Tafel 446. Asperula galioides Marsch a Bieb. : Tafel 447. Linaria spuria Miller. : Tafel 448. Cotoneaster vulgaris Lindley. : Tafel 449. Cheirinia crepidifolia nob. : Tafel 450. Diplotaxis tenuifolia De Cand. : Tafel 451. Thlaspi perfoliatum Linné. : Tafel 452. Draba muralis Linné. : Tafel 453. Alyssum montanum Linné. : Tafel 454. Lepidium graminifolium Linné. : Tafel 455. Bupleurum falcatum Linné. : Tafel 456. Bupleurum rotundifolium Linné. : Tafel 457. Agaricus (Pluteus) speciosus Fries. : Tafel 458. Agaricus (Pluteus) aeruginosus Fries. : Tafel 459. Agaricus (Pluteus) Neesii Kl. : Tafel 460. Merulius tremellosus Schrader. : Tafel 461. Polyporus radiatus Sowerby. : Tafel 462. Hydnum imbricatum Linné. : Tafel 463. Sparassis crispa Fries. : Tafel 464. Gautieria morchellaeformis Vitt. : Tafel 465. Hydnangium carneum Wallroth. : Tafel 466. Hymenangium album Klotzsch. : Tafel 467. Sphaerosoma fuscescens Klotzsch. : Tafel 468. Hyperrhiza liquaminosa Kl. : Tafel 469. Agaricus (Lactarius) vellereus Fr. : Tafel 470. Agaricus personatus Fries. : Tafel 471. Agaricus squarrosus Oeder. : Tafel 472. Polyporus adustus Fries. : Tafel 473. Thelephora terrestris Ehrb. : Tafel 474. Genea verrucosa Vittadini. : Tafel 475. Exidia plicata. Kl. : Tafel 476. Morchella esculenta Pers. : Tafel 471. Pulsatilla pratensis Miller. : Tafel 478. Pulsatilla vulgaris Miller : Tafel 479. Pulsatilla vernalis Miller. : Tafel 480. Pulsatilla patens Miller. : Tafel 481. Pulsatilla alpina de l'Arbre. : Tafel 482. Cynanchum Vincetopicum Rob.Br. : Tafel 483. Orobus vernus Linné. : Tafel 484. Orobus tuberosus Linné. : Tafel 485. Lotus uliginosus Sehkuhr. : Tafel 486. Lotus corniculatus Linné. : Tafel 487. Tetragonolobus siliquosus Roth. : Tafel 488. Spiraea Filipendula Linné. : Tafel 489. Alchemilla vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 490. Alchemilla Aphanes Leers : Tafel 491. Dianthus arenarius Linné. : Tafel 492. Senebiera coronopus Poiret. : Tafel 493. Dipsacus sylvestris Linné. : Tafel 494. Centunculus minimus Linné. : Tafel 495. Inula Britannica Linné. : Tafel 496. Bellis perennis Linné. : Tafel 497. Senecio vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 498. Senecio Jacobaea Linné. : Tafel 499. Cirsium lanceolatum Scopoli. : Tafel 500. Bidens tripartita Linné. : Tafel 501. Sonchus palustris Linné. : Tafel 502. Sonchus oleraceus Linné. : Tafel 503. Sonchus asper Fuchs. : Tafel 504. Achillea Millefolium Linné.
    . : Tafel 504. Achillea Millefolium Linné.)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.08 1840  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 505. Gentiana verna Linné
    Inhalt: : Tafel 505. Gentiana verna Linné : Tafel 506. Gentiana Amarella Linné : Tafel 507. Gladiolus communis Linné : Tafel 508. Orchis mascula Linné : Tafel 509. Epipactis viridiflora Reichenbach : Tafel 510. Stachys arvensis Linné : Tafel 511. Orobanche coerulescens Stephan : Tafel 512. Glaux maritima Linné : Tafel 513. Phyteuma spicatum Linné : Tafel 514. Sedum villosum Linné : Tafel 515. Veronica spicata Linné : Tafel 516. Odontites lutea Reichenbach : Tafel 517. Vicia pisiformis Linné : Tafel 518. Vicia tenuifolia Roth : Tafel 519. Sanicula europaea Linné : Tafel 520. Dipsacus pilosus Linné : Tafel 521. Onopordon Acanthium Linné : Tafel 522. Silybum marianum Gärtner : Tafel 523. Sinapis alba Linné : Tafel 524. Sinapis nigra Linné : Tafel 525. Atriplex hastata Linné : Tafel 526. Atriplex patula Linné : Tafel 527. Passerina annua Wickström : Tafel 528. Linosyris vulgaris Cassini : Tafel 529. Oxytropis pilosa De Cand : Tafel 530. Circaea alpina Linné : Tafel 531. Gomphidius glutinosus Fries : Tafel 532. Nyctalis Asterophora Fries : Tafel 533. Morchella rimosipes De Candolle : Tafel 534. Morchella hybrida Persoon : Tafel 535. Peziza hemisphaerica Hoffmann : Tafel 536. Irpex fusco-violaceus Fr : Tafel 537. Petasites vulgaris Desfont : Tafel 538. Helleborus viridis Linné : Tafel 539. Alliaria officinalis Andrz : Tafel 540. Taraxacum officinale Wiggers : Tafel 541. Nonea pulla De Candolle : Tafel 542. Ornithopus perpusillus Linné : Tafel 543. Vaccinium Myrtillus Linné : Tafel 544. Tussilago Farfara Linné : Tafel 545. Leucanthemum vulgare Lamark : Tafel 546. Carduus nutans Linné : Tafel 547. Centaurea Cyanus Linné : Tafel 548. Centaurea Jacea Linné : Tafel 549. Centaurea Scabiosa Linné : Tafel 550. Centaurea paniculata Linné : Tafel 551. Centaurea calcitrapa Linné : Tafel 552. Cirseum oleraceum Scopoli : Tafel 553. Cirsium acaule Allioni : Tafel 554. Cirsium arvense Scopoli : Tafel 555. Serratula tinctoria Linné : Tafel 556. Tripolium vulgare Nees : Tafel 557. Aster salignus Willdenow : Tafel 558. Ptarmica vulgaris Blackw : Tafel 559. Cichorium Intybus Linné : Tafel 560. Inula Oetteliana Reichenb : Tafel 561. Pulicaria dysenterica Gärtner : Tafel 562. Pulicaria vulgaris Gärtner : Tafel 563. Senecio sarracenicus Linné : Tafel 564. Senecio nemorensis Linné : Tafel 565. Mulgedium alpinum Lessing : Tafel 566. Hieracium alpinum Linné : Tafel 567. Lathyrus tuberosus Linné : Tafel 568. Lathyrus sylvestris Linné : Tafel 569. Lathyrus pratensis Linné : Tafel 570. Epilobium angustifolium Linné : Tafel 571. Epilobium hirsutum Linné : Tafel 572. Epilobium parviflorum Schreber : Tafel 573. Veronica longifolia Linné : Tafel 574. Elatine Alsinastrum Linné : Tafel 575. Elatine hexandra De Cand : Tafel 576. Sherardia arvensis Linné
    Cand : Tafel 576. Sherardia arvensis Linné)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.08, BHL-103508 1840  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 505. Gentiana verna Linné
    Inhalt: : Tafel 505. Gentiana verna Linné : Tafel 506. Gentiana Amarella Linné : Tafel 507. Gladiolus communis Linné : Tafel 508. Orchis mascula Linné : Tafel 509. Epipactis viridiflora Reichenbach : Tafel 510. Stachys arvensis Linné : Tafel 511. Orobanche coerulescens Stephan : Tafel 512. Glaux maritima Linné : Tafel 513. Phyteuma spicatum Linné : Tafel 514. Sedum villosum Linné : Tafel 515. Veronica spicata Linné : Tafel 516. Odontites lutea Reichenbach : Tafel 517. Vicia pisiformis Linné : Tafel 518. Vicia tenuifolia Roth : Tafel 519. Sanicula europaea Linné : Tafel 520. Dipsacus pilosus Linné : Tafel 521. Onopordon Acanthium Linné : Tafel 522. Silybum marianum Gärtner : Tafel 523. Sinapis alba Linné : Tafel 524. Sinapis nigra Linné : Tafel 525. Atriplex hastata Linné : Tafel 526. Atriplex patula Linné : Tafel 527. Passerina annua Wickström : Tafel 528. Linosyris vulgaris Cassini : Tafel 529. Oxytropis pilosa De Cand : Tafel 530. Circaea alpina Linné : Tafel 531. Gomphidius glutinosus Fries : Tafel 532. Nyctalis Asterophora Fries : Tafel 533. Morchella rimosipes De Candolle : Tafel 534. Morchella hybrida Persoon : Tafel 535. Peziza hemisphaerica Hoffmann : Tafel 536. Irpex fusco-violaceus Fr : Tafel 537. Petasites vulgaris Desfont : Tafel 538. Helleborus viridis Linné : Tafel 539. Alliaria officinalis Andrz : Tafel 540. Taraxacum officinale Wiggers : Tafel 541. Nonea pulla De Candolle : Tafel 542. Ornithopus perpusillus Linné : Tafel 543. Vaccinium Myrtillus Linné : Tafel 544. Tussilago Farfara Linné : Tafel 545. Leucanthemum vulgare Lamark : Tafel 546. Carduus nutans Linné : Tafel 547. Centaurea Cyanus Linné : Tafel 548. Centaurea Jacea Linné : Tafel 549. Centaurea Scabiosa Linné : Tafel 550. Centaurea paniculata Linné : Tafel 551. Centaurea calcitrapa Linné : Tafel 552. Cirseum oleraceum Scopoli : Tafel 553. Cirsium acaule Allioni : Tafel 554. Cirsium arvense Scopoli : Tafel 555. Serratula tinctoria Linné : Tafel 556. Tripolium vulgare Nees : Tafel 557. Aster salignus Willdenow : Tafel 558. Ptarmica vulgaris Blackw : Tafel 559. Cichorium Intybus Linné : Tafel 560. Inula Oetteliana Reichenb : Tafel 561. Pulicaria dysenterica Gärtner : Tafel 562. Pulicaria vulgaris Gärtner : Tafel 563. Senecio sarracenicus Linné : Tafel 564. Senecio nemorensis Linné : Tafel 565. Mulgedium alpinum Lessing : Tafel 566. Hieracium alpinum Linné : Tafel 567. Lathyrus tuberosus Linné : Tafel 568. Lathyrus sylvestris Linné : Tafel 569. Lathyrus pratensis Linné : Tafel 570. Epilobium angustifolium Linné : Tafel 571. Epilobium hirsutum Linné : Tafel 572. Epilobium parviflorum Schreber : Tafel 573. Veronica longifolia Linné : Tafel 574. Elatine Alsinastrum Linné : Tafel 575. Elatine hexandra De Cand : Tafel 576. Sherardia arvensis Linné
    Cand : Tafel 576. Sherardia arvensis Linné)
  • Dietrich - Flora Regni Borussici Bd.09, BHL-103910 1841  + (Inhalt: : Tafel 577. Swertia perennis Linn
    Inhalt: : Tafel 577. Swertia perennis Linné. : Tafel 578. Villarsia Nymphoides Ventenat. : Tafel 579. Orobanche arenaria Borkhausen. : Tafel 580. Orobanche loricata Reichenbach. : Tafel 581. Anarrhinum bellidifolium Desfontaine. : Tafel 582. Antirrhinum Orontium Linné. : Tafel 583. Eryngium campestre Linné. : Tafel 584. Gypsophila fastigiata Linné. : Tafel 585. Potentilla supina Linné. : Tafel 586. Saxifraga Hirculus Linné. : Tafel 587. Leucojum vernum Linné. : Tafel 588. Tulipa sylvestris Linné. : Tafel 589. Alopecurus pratensis Linné. : Tafel 590. Alopecurus agrestis Linné. : Tafel 591. Phleum pratense Linné. : Tafel 592. Phleum Boehmeri Wibel. : Tafel 593. Agrostis stolonifera Linné. : Tafel 594. Agrostis vulgaris Withering. : Tafel 595. Petasitis albus Gärtner. : Tafel 596. Petasitis spurius Reichenbach. : Tafel 597. Scorzonera purpurea Linné. : Tafel 598. Scorzonera humilis Linné. : Tafel 599. Erophila vulgaris De Candalle. : Tafel 600. Capsella Bursa pastoris Moench. : Tafel 601. Arabis Thaliana Linné. : Tafel 602. Arabis arenosa Scopoli. : Tafel 603. Orobus niger Linné. : Tafel 604. Lathyrus palustris Linné. : Tafel 605. Onobrychis sativa Lamark. : Tafel 606. Astragalus arenarius Linné. : Tafel 607. Asperugo procumbens Linné. : Tafel 608. Arnica montana Linné. : Tafel 609. Senecio palustris De Candolle. : Tafel 610. Crepis tectorum Linné. : Tafel 611. Leontodon hastilis Linné. : Tafel 612. Oporinia autumnalis Don. : Tafel 613. Geranium sanguineum Linné. : Tafel 614. Geranium palustre Linné. : Tafel 615. Knautia arvensis Coulter. : Tafel 616. Scabiosa suaveolens Desfontaine. : Tafel 617. Scabiosa Columbaria Linné. : Tafel 618. Succisa pratensis Mönch. : Tafel 619. Chondrilla juncea Linné. : Tafel 620. Erigeron acre Linné. : Tafel 621. Erigeron canadense Linné. : Tafel 622. Lampsana communis Linné. : Tafel 623. Berterea incana Mönch. : Tafel 624. Lepidium ruderale Linné. : Tafel 625. Nasturtium amphibium Rob. Brown. : Tafel 626. Nasturtium sylvestre Rob. Brown. : Tafel 627. Nasturtium palustre De Candolle. : Tafel 628. Polycnemum arvense Linné. : Tafel 629. Scleranthus annuus Linné. : Tafel 630. Scleranthus perennis Linné. : Tafel 631. Aster Amellus Linné. : Tafel 632. Chrysanthemum segetum Linné. : Tafel 633. Artemisia Absinthium Linné. : Tafel 634. Artemisia vulgaris Linné. : Tafel 635. Artemisia campestris Linné. : Tafel 636. Bidens cernua Linné. : Tafel 637. Thrincia hirta Roth. : Tafel 638. Crepis biennis Linné. : Tafel 639. Arnoseris pusilla Gärtner. : Tafel 640. Hypochaeris radicata Linné. : Tafel 641. Anthemis tinctoria Linné. : Tafel 642. Cystisus nigricans Linné. : Tafel 643. Vicia sylvatica Linné. : Tafel 644. Vicia cassubica Linné. : Tafel 645. Vicia villosa Roth. : Tafel 646. Vicia Cracca Linné. : Tafel 647. Aethusa Cynapium Linne. : Tafel 648. Anthriscus vulgaris Persoon. : Rückendeckel : Buchrücken
    garis Persoon. : Rückendeckel : Buchrücken)
  • Krafft - Lehrbuch der Landwirthschaft auf wissenschaftlicher und praktischer Grundlage - 02 - 1876  + (Inhaltsverzeichnis II. Beſondere Pflanzenb
    Inhaltsverzeichnis II. Beſondere Pflanzenbaulehre. : Einleitung 3 : I. Die Mehlfrüchte. (Cultur ſtärkemehlreicher Samen.) :: 1. Der Weizen 5 ::: Arten und Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 5 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 12 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 14 ::: 3. Die Saat 16 ::: 4. Die Pflege 19 ::: 5. Die Ernte 24 :: 2. Der Roggen 26 ::: Spielarten 26 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 27 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 28 ::: 3. Die Saat 29 ::: 4. Die Pflege 31 ::: 5. Die Ernte 33 :: 3. Die Gerſte 34 ::: Arten und Spielarten 34 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 36 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 38 ::: 3. Die Saat 39 ::: 4. Die Pflege 40 ::: 5. Die Ernte 42 :: 4. Der Hafer 43 ::: Arten und Spielarten 43 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 45 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 46 ::: 3. Die Saat 46 ::: 4. Die Pflege 47 ::: 5. Die Ernte 48 :: 5. Der Reis 48 :: 6. Der Mais 49 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 49 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 51 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 52 ::: 3. Die Saat 53 ::: 4. Die Pflege 55 ::: 5. Die Ernte 57 :: 7. Die Mohrenhirſe 58 :: 8. Die Hirſe 59 ::: Arten und Spielarten 59 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 60 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 60 ::: 3. Die Saat 61 ::: 4. Die Pflege 61 ::: 5. Die Ernte 61 :: 9. Der Buchweizen 62 :: 10. Mengſaaten 64 ::: a. Weizengemenge 65 ::: b. Spelzgemenge 65 ::: c. Roggengemenge 65 ::: d. Gerſtengemenge 65 ::: e. Hafergemenge 66 : II. Die Hülſenfrüchte. (Cultur proteïnreicher Samen.) :: 1. Die Erbſe 66 ::: Arten und Spielarten 66 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 67 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 68 ::: 3. Die Saat 68 ::: 4. Die Pflege 69 ::: 5. Die Ernte 70 :: 2. Die Linſe 71 :: 3. Die Wicke 72 :: 4. Die Pferdebohne 74 :: 5. Die Wicklinſe, Platterbſe und Kicher 76 :: 6. Die Phaſeole 78 : III. Die Oelfrüchte. (Cultur ölhaltiger Samen.) :: 1. Der Raps 80 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 80 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 82 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 82 ::: 3. Die Saat 83 ::: 4. Die Pflege 83 ::: 5. Die Ernte 86 :: 2. Der Rübſen 87 :: 3. Der Leindotter 88 :: 4. Der Mohn 88 ::: Spielarten 88 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 89 ::: 2. Die Saat und die Pflege 90 ::: 3. Die Ernte 90 :: 5. Der Senf, der Oelrettig, die Sonnenblume und die Madie 91 : IV. Die Gewürzpflanzen, der Hopfen und die Weberkarde. (Cultur ätheriſches Oel enthaltender Samen, Wurzeln und Fruchtſtände.) :: 1. Der ſchwarze Senf 94 :: 2. Der Meerrettig 94 :: 3. Der Kümmel 95 :: 4. Der Fenchel, der Anis und der Koriander 96 :: 5. Der Safran 97 :: 6. Der Hopfen 98 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 98 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 99 ::: 2. Die Anlage des Hopfengartens 100 ::: 3. Die Pflege 101 ::: 4. Die Ernte 102 :: 7. Die Weberkarde 104 : V. Die Farbepflanzen. (Cultur farbſtoffhaltiger Blüthen, Blätter und Wurzeln.) :: 1. Die Malve 106 :: 2. Der Saflor 106 :: 3. Der Wau 107 :: 4. Der Waid 108 :: 5. Der Krapp 109 : VI. Die Blattpflanzen. (Cultur alkaloidhaltiger Blätter.) :: 1. Der Tabak 112 ::: Arten und Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 112 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 113 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 114 ::: 3. Die Saat 115 ::: 4. Die Pflege 116 ::: 5. Die Ernte 117 : VII. Die Geſpinnſtpflanzen. (Cultur baſtreicher Stengel.) :: 1. Der Lein 119 ::: Arten und Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 119 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 120 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 120 ::: 3. Die Saat 121 ::: 4. Die Pflege 123 ::: 5. Die Ernte 124 ::: 6. Die Flachszubereitung 125 ::: 7. Der Ertrag 127 :: 2. Der Hanf 128 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 128 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 129 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 130 ::: 3. Die Saat 130 ::: 4. Die Pflege 131 ::: 5. Die Ernte 131 : VIII. Die Knollen- und Wurzelfrüchte. (Cultur ſtärkemehlhaltiger Knollen und rohrzuckerhaltiger Wurzeln.) :: 1. Der Kohlrabi 134 :: 2. Die Kartoffel 135 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 135 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 138 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 140 ::: 3. Die Saat 141 ::: 4. Die Pflege 144 ::: 5. Die Ernte 147 :: 3. Der Topinambur 148 ::: Spielarten 148 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 148 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 148 ::: 3. Die Saat und Pflege 149 ::: 4. Die Ernte 149 :: 4. Die Runkelrübe 150 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 150 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 155 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 156 ::: 3. Die Saat 156 ::: 4. Die Pflege 158 ::: 5. Die Ernte 160 ::: 6. Die Rübenſamengewinnung 161 :: 5. Die Kohlrübe 162 ::: Spielarten 162 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 162 ::: 2. Die Saat 163 ::: 3. Die Pflege 163 ::: 4. Die Ernte 164 :: 6. Die Waſſerrübe 164 ::: Spielarten 164 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 166 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 166 ::: 3. Die Saat 167 ::: 4. Die Pflege 167 ::: 5. Die Ernte 168 :: 7. Die Paſtinake 168 :: 8. Die Möhre 169 ::: Spielarten 169 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 171 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 171 ::: 3. Die Saat 171 ::: 4. Die Pflege 172 ::: 5. Die Ernte 173 :: 9. Die Cichorie 173 :: 10. Der Kuhkohl 174 :: 11. Der Kopfkohl 175 ::: Spielarten 175 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 176 ::: 2. Die Saat 176 ::: 3. Die Ernte 177 : IX. Die Futterpflanzen. (Blatt- und Stengelcultur.) :: 1. Die Luzerne 179 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 179 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 179 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 180 ::: 3. Die Saat 181 ::: 4. Die Pflege 182 ::: 5. Die Ernte 183 :: 2. Die ſchwediſche Luzerne 184 :: 3. Die Sandluzerne 184 :: 4. Die Hopfenluzerne 184 :: 5. Der Rothklee 185 ::: Spielarten, Entwickelungsgeſchichte 185 ::: 1. Die Wachsthumsbedingungen 187 ::: 2. Die Vorfrucht und Vorbereitung 187 ::: 3. Die Saat 189 ::: 4. Die Pflege 189 ::: 5. Die Ernte 192 :: 6. Der Incarnatklee 193 :: 7. Der Weißklee 194 :: 8. Die Serradella 195 :: 9. Die Eſparſette 197 :: 10. Die Lupine 199 :: 11. Der Grünraps und Grünrübſen 201 :: 12. Der Spörgel 202 :: 13. Der Grünbuchweizen 203 :: 14. Das Grüngetreide 203 :: 15. Der Mohar 204 :: 16. Der Grünmais 206 :: 17. Das Kleegemenge und Kleegras 208 :: 18. Das Miſchfutter 216 : Anhang. X. :: Die Wieſen. ::: 1. Die Zuſammenſetzung der Grasnarbe 221 ::: 2. Die Entwäſſerung 228 ::: 3. Die Bewäſſerung 229 :::: Bewäſſerungsſyſteme 233 ::::: a) Die Staubewäſſerung 235 ::::: b) Der Hangbau 236 ::::: c) Der Rückenbau 238 ::::: d) Der natürliche Wieſenbau 240 ::::: e) Die Peterſen’ſche Drainbewäſſerung 241 :: 4. Die Düngung 244 :: 5. Die Verjüngung 246 :: 6. Die Pflege 248 :: 7. Die Ernte 250 : XI. Die Weiden. :: 1. Cultur der Weiden 251 :: 2. Ertrag der Weiden 252
    der Weiden 251 :: 2. Ertrag der Weiden 252)
  • Spitteler 1920  + (Inhaltsverzeichnis:<br/> Vorwort [ht
    Inhaltsverzeichnis:<br/> Vorwort [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/n9/mode/2up 3] <ol style="list-style-type:upper-roman;"> <li>C-Album [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/6/mode/2up 7], Pfauenauge [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/10/mode/2up 10], Blaues Ordensband [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/12/mode/2up 13], Hera [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/17/mode/2up 17], Sibylle [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/20/mode/2up 21]</li> <li>Mnemosyne [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/24/mode/2up 25], Trauermantel [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/28/mode/2up 28], Proserpina [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/30/mode/2up 30], Seidenspinner [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/30/mode/2up 31], Mariposa [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/32/mode/2up 33]</li> <li>Lucille [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/36/mode/2up 37], Distelfalter [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/40/mode/2up 40], Pfauenauge [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/42/mode/2up 42], Trauermantel [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/44/mode/2up 44], Segelfalter [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/46/mode/2up 46], Proserpina I [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/46/mode/2up 47], Proserpina II [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/48/mode/2up 48], Kamille [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/50/mode/2up 51], Schwalbenschwanz I [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/52/mode/2up 53], Schwalbenschwanz II [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/56/mode/2up 56]</li> <li>Mönch [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/60/mode/2up 61], Pfauenauge [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/62/mode/2up 63], Zitronenfalter I [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/64/mode/2up 65], Zitronenfalter II [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/66/mode/2up 66], Tau [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/66/mode/2up 67], Gemeiner Weißling I [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/68/mode/2up 69], Gemeiner Weißling II [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/70/mode/2up 70], Taubenschwanz [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/70/mode/2up 71], Satyr [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/74/mode/2up 74]</li> <li>Distelfalter [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/76/mode/2up 77], Aurora [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/82/mode/2up 82], Die Füchse [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/84/mode/2up 84]</li> <li>Blauvöglein [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/90/mode/2up 91], Segelfalter [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/94/mode/2up 95], Kaisermantel [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/100/mode/2up 100], Rotes Ordensband [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/102/mode/2up 103], Trauermantel (als Nachwort) [http://www.archive.org/stream/schmetterlingege00spituoft#page/n113/mode/2up 106]</li> </ol>
    /n113/mode/2up 106]</li> </ol>)
  • Ricek 1981  + (Inhaltsübersicht<br> 1. EINFÜHRUNG,
    Inhaltsübersicht<br> 1. EINFÜHRUNG, S. 189<br> 2. LISTE DER PFLANZEN UND IHRER MUNDARTLICHEN NAMEN, S. 196<br> a) Samen- und Gefäßsporenpflanzen, S. 196<br> b) Moose, S. 225<br> c) Flechten, S. 226<br> d) Pilze, S. 226<br> 3. SCHLUSSWORT, S. 227<br> 4. LITERATUR, S. 228
    ORT, S. 227<br> 4. LITERATUR, S. 228)
  • Zürcher & Schlaepfer 2014  + (Interest in the question of moon-related f
    Interest in the question of moon-related fluctuations in tree biology and physiology has been revived by recent experimental research, which could confirm the existence of real phenomena. In this context, previously published extensive data from germination tests on European Spruce using established standard devices, which appeared at the time to give negative results, has been analysed with the help of modern statistical tools. Slight but statistically significant lunar rhythmicities were revealed by this new analysis. One of these fluctuations is found in the germination rate from sowings shortly before Full Moon, compared to those shortly before New Moon.
    compared to those shortly before New Moon.)
  • Plank 2010  + (Larval chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae)
    Larval chironomids (Diptera: Chironomidae) were investigated to provide climate reconstruction tools using transfer functions and based on 52 lake samples from the Tibetan Plateau. Based on measured environmental variables an obvious electrical conductivity/salinity gradient from 0.015 to 130.0 mS · cm<sup>-1</sup> was detected as the most influencing factor which can be used to reconstruct chironomid inferred salinities from lake sediment cores. Tested model types were: artificial neural networks (ANN), Bayesian, weighted averaging (WA), partial least squares (PLS), weighted averaging partial least squares (WAPLS), maximum likelihood (ML) and modern analogue technique (MAT). Performances of transfer models, tested by leave one out cross-validation, yield a maximum correlation value of r<sup>2</sup><sub>LOOCV</sub> 0.762/0.764 with a root mean squared error of prediction (RMSEP) of 0.475/0.473 mS · cm<sup>-1</sup><sub>log 10</sub> for ANN models with three or four hidden neurons and a learning rate of 0.01. For apparent models r<sup>2</sup><sub>app.</sub> varies from 0.958 to 0.664 with a root mean squared error (RMSE) of 0.200 up to 0.610 mS · cm<sup>-1</sup><sub>log 10</sub>. Summarising all calculated transfer models with their summed error values and whether they yield balanced infer ed values of electrical conductivity a ranking can be stated as follows: Bayesian ≈ ANN<sub>neu=3/4</sub>-0.1/0.01 (with three or four hidden neurons and learning rates of 0.1 or 0.01) ≈ WAPLS-3 (with 3 components) > PLS-5 (5 components) ≳ WA<sub>cla+inv</sub> (classical/inverse) ≳ WA<sub>… tol</sub> (with tolerance downweighting) > W/MAT (weighted or unweighted) > ML. Sampling depth as a second important influencing factor detected by Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) yields only week and unreliable transfer models with r<sup>2</sup><sub>LOOCV</sub> = 0.475 and a RMSEP of 7.2 m. Furthermore the following measured environmental variables showed a statistical significant relationship in CCA for the benthic chironomid community: electrical conductivity, sampling depth, mean air temperature of October, mean precipitation of December, pH value and finally water area respectively in descending order of significance. To enhance the part of determination the Chironomidae Identification Program CHIP was developed that provides scientists a convenient way to organise all literature, references, images and descriptions of scientific publications related to Chironomidae. It uses interactive, flexible local websites and the free programming language PHP with MySQL as database engine with the possibility of further open-source development. Developed for larvae primarily, the program can be used to work with pupae and adults as well. Including also a tool that provides data for normalised elliptical Fourier outline analysis of black/white scanned images this analysis was tested on related taxa to <i>Psectrocladius</i> in separating outlines of menta. Thereby it can give a great advantage for determination as decisions can be made more objectively and it should also be able to detect halves of menta.
    ld also be able to detect halves of menta.)
  • Hegi et al. Bd.4-3 Dicotyledones 1924  + (Leguminósae, Oxalidáceae, Geraniáceae, Tropaeoláceae)
  • Sagnes et al. 2008  + (Macroinvertebrates play a key role in loti
    Macroinvertebrates play a key role in lotic ecosystems, as fish prey and processors of organic material. Therefore, their hydraulic preferences have to be integrated in instream habitat models for ecological stream management. This study characterized physical habitat use in terms of shear velocity for the larvae of three Ephemeropteran (Ephoron virgo, Oligoneuriella rhenana, and Serratella ignita), two Trichopteran (Cheumatopsyche lepida and Hydropsyche exocellata) and one Dipteran species (Blepharicera fasciata) in a Mediterranean stream at a relatively low water discharge. O. rhenana, C. lepida, H. exocellata, and B. fasciata larvae were mainly found in high shear velocity conditions, whereas E. virgo and S. ignita larvae were found in low shear velocity conditions. Knowing that habitat preferences should vary during ontogenesis (with respect to changes in biological requirements and/or morphological abilities to withstand high flow, for example), our second objective was to characterize differences in the hydraulic habitat use (in terms of shear velocity) for different size classes of these six species. Larvae of H. exocellata and B. fasciata mainly colonized high shear velocity conditions and numerous individuals of these species also used medium shear velocity conditions, independent of size class. The use of high shear velocity conditions increased with larval size for C. lepida and O. rhenana, whilst the use of low shear velocity conditions increased for larger larvae of E. virgo and S. ignita. Various hypotheses are proposed to explain these different strategies of habitat use during ontogenesis. We point out the lack of knowledge about physical habitat shifts during the larval growth of freshwater invertebrates. These results highlight the interest to consider the respective habitat requirements of different size classes of invertebrates in instream habitat models. Population bottlenecks should be overcome if hydraulic conditions are kept suitable for all size classes by stream managers.
    e for all size classes by stream managers.)
  • Cervellati et al. 2004  + (Members of Polygalaceae are known to conta
    Members of Polygalaceae are known to contain a variety of different polyphenolic compounds such as xanthones, flavonoids, and biphenyl derivatives. Here, we report the isolation and structural characterization of two new phenol derivatives, named alpestrin (=3,3′,5′‐trimethoxy[1,1′‐biphenyl]‐4‐ol; 10) and alpestriose A (=6‐O‐benzoyl‐1‐O‐{6‐O‐acetyl‐3‐O‐[(4‐hydroxy‐3,5‐dimethoxyphenyl)prop‐2‐enoyl]‐β‐D‐fructofuranosyl}‐α‐D‐glucopyranoside; 11), and of four known compounds (12–15) from the MeOH extract of Polygala alpestris. The relative in vitro antioxidant activities of these compounds, in comparison with other phenolic substances from Polygala vulgaris, were evaluated by means of the Briggs—Rauscher (BR) oscillating reaction, a method based on the inhibitory effects of antioxidant free‐radical scavengers. The experimental antioxidant‐activity values (relative to resorcinol as a standard) were compared with those calculated on the basis of the bond‐dissociation enthalpies. The structure/activity relationships for the compounds examined are also discussed.
    the compounds examined are also discussed.)
 (Mit LX. ausgemalten Kupfertafeln, und einem ausgemalten Titelkupfer)
  • Christ 1791b  + (Mit LX. ausgemalten Kupfertafeln, und einem ausgemalten Titelkupfer.)
  • Fischer et al. 2005  + (Mit diesem Bestimmungsbuch lassen sich all
    Mit diesem Bestimmungsbuch lassen sich alle Pflanzen der im Titel genannten drei Länder bestimmen, und zwar nicht nur die wildwachsenden (einschließlich der Unbeständigen / Ephemerophyten), sondern auch die häufig land- und forstwirtschaftlich sowie gärtnerisch kultivierten Farnpflanzen und Samenpflanzen (Blütenpflanzen), somit alle Gehölze, Stauden, Kräuter und Gräser. — Erfasst sind auch die bisher bekannten Kleinarten von ''Ranunculus auricomus'' agg. / Gold-Hahnenfuß und der Brombeeren / ''Rubus'' subg. ''Rubus'' sowie die Zwischenarten der Gattung ''Hieracium'' / Habichtskraut.
    der Gattung ''Hieracium'' / Habichtskraut.)
  • Fuentes-Bazan et al. 2012  + (Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the sub
    Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the subfamily Chenopodioideae of the goosefoot family (Chenopodiaceae), with the addition of matK/trnK sequences to an existing trnL-F data set, indicates that Chenopodium as traditionally recognised consists of six independent lineages. One of these, the Dysphania-Teloxys clade, had already been recognised previously as a separate tribe Dysphanieae. Of the five others, Chenopodium is here re-defined in a narrow sense so as to be monophyletic. The C. polyspermum, C. rubrum and C. murale clades are successive sisters of a lineage constituted by Atripliceae s.str. plus Chenopodium s.str. Consequently, the long forgotten genera Lipandra (for C. polyspermum) and Oxybasis (for C. rubrum and relatives) are revived, and the new genus Chenopodiastrum (for C. murale and relatives) is published. The afore-mentioned five clades, taken together, are a monophylum corresponding to an enlarged tribe Atripliceae (a name that has priority over Chenopodieae). Last, the linnaean genus Blitum (for C. capitatum and relatives), enlarged to include C. bonus-henricus, is the sister group of Spinacia in the tribe Anserineae (a name that has priority over Spinacieae). The aromatic species of Dysphania, the related genus Teloxys, as well as Cyclocoma and Suckleya form the enlarged tribe Dys phanieae. Building upon phylogenetic results, the present study provides a modern classification for a globally distributed group of plants that had suffered a complex taxonomic history due to divergent interpretation of single morphological characters for more than two hundred years. The seven genera among which the species traditionally assigned to Chenopodium are now distributed are defined morphologically and keyed out; for four of them (Blitum, Chenopodiastrum, Lipandra, Oxybasis) the component species and subspecies are enumerated and the necessary nomenclatural transfers are effected.
    sary nomenclatural transfers are effected.)
  • Jennersten 1984  + (Nectar plant utilization by butterflies wa
    Nectar plant utilization by butterflies was compared with the abundance of flowering plants on some SW Swedish meadows. The transportation of pollen grains by individual butterflies was analysed using a scanning electron microscope. For the majority of plant species, butterflies were of minor importance as pollinators. Some flowers with protruding sexual organs, e.g. ''Knautia arvensis'', when heavily utilized by butterflies, might also be pollinated by these. For ''Dianthus deltoides'' and ''Viscaria vulgaris'', butterfly pollination was found to be important. Several butterfly species, e.g. ''Plebicula amanda'', visited legumes regularly. In spite of this, legume pollen was rarely transported by the butterflies. This suggests these butterflies act as nectar robbers among the legumes. ---- Die Nutzung von Nektarpflanzen durch Schmetterlinge wurde mit der Abundanz von Blütenpflanzen auf einigen südwestlichen schwedischen Wiesen verglichen. Der Transport von Pollenkörnern durch einzelne Schmetterlinge wurde mit einem Rasterelektronenmikroskop analysiert. Für die meisten Pflanzenarten waren Schmetterlinge als Bestäuber von untergeordneter Bedeutung. Einige Blüten mit herausstehenden Geschlechtsorganen, z.B. ''Knautia arvensis'', können bei starker Nutzung durch Schmetterlinge auch von diesen bestäubt werden. Für ''Dianthus deltoides'' und ''Viscaria vulgaris'' wurde die Schmetterlingsbestäubung als wichtig erachtet. Mehrere Schmetterlingsarten, wie z.B. ''Plebicula amanda'', besuchten regelmäßig Leguminosen. Trotzdem wurde der Leguminosenpollen selten von den Schmetterlingen transportiert. Dies deutet darauf hin, dass diese Schmetterlinge als Nektarräuber zwischen den Leguminosen fungieren. (Übersetzt mit Hilfe www.DeepL.com/Translator)
    rsetzt mit Hilfe www.DeepL.com/Translator))
  • Osman et al. - Foodborne Infections and Intoxications - 2013  + (Notes: The majority of plant species in th
    Notes: The majority of plant species in the world are not edible, largely owing to the existence of toxins they produce. The process of domestication has diminished the levels of these toxic compounds over time, so the plant foods we consume today are far less toxic than their wild parents. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are the principal plant metabolites that pose a serious health threat to humans via foodborne plant intoxication. The main source of exposure to PAs is consumption of grains and bread that have become contaminated. Other sources such as milk, eggs, honey, and salad greens are less commonly implicated in human disease. PAs are particularly abundant in three plant families, namely Asteraceae, Fabaceae, and Boraginaceae. The major health risk of PA intoxication is the development of hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD). PAs may also be associated with severe adverse effects including carcinogenic, genotoxic, teratogenic, and pneumotoxic reactions. Because they are present in limited amounts or have low potency, and because of advanced processing techniques in detoxification, plant toxins other than PAs do not at present pose a large threat to human health.
    esent pose a large threat to human health.)
  • Long 1917  + (OCR: PREFACE As in the case of a previou
    OCR: PREFACE As in the case of a previous volume. Common Weeds of the Farm and Garden, the preparation of this handbook was undertaken because of the great lack of readily available and rehable information on the subject in Enghsh scientific literature. Many of the facts were known to a few interested persons, but many others were so scattered here and there in technical reports and journals that they were scarcely known even to expert chemists and botanists. The bringing of this information together in some sort of order has involved considerable labour extending over several years, but if the volume be found helpful to those for whose use it has been prepared I shall feel more than gratified. That the subject is of importance is fully reahsed by farmers and veterinary surgeons ahke, for the annual loss of stock due to poisonous plants, though not ascertainable, is undoubtedly considerable. It was felt that notes on mechanical injury caused by plants and on the influence of plants on milk might usefully be included, as in some degree related to poisoning; this has therefore been done. On the other hand, a number of cultivated plants {e.g. Rhus, Wistaria) which are poisonous have not been included because exotic and hardly Hkely to be eaten by stock. Fungi generally also find no place in the volume, as they are suflS.ciently extensive" to deserve a volume to themselves, and are far less readily identified than flowering plants. The dividing Une between plants which are actually poisonous and those which are only suspected is far from clear, but a division was considered desirable for the convenience of the reader, and an endeavour has been made to give a sound but brief statement as to the present information on plants poisonous to live stock in the United Kingdom, with symptoms, toxic principles, and a hst of the more important references to the bibhography in relation to each plant included in Chapters ii to vi (the numbers corresponding with the numbers in the Bibhography). Regarding symptoms it is to be regretted that in many cases they appear to be the result of injections of the toxic extracts, and not observations made after natural poisoning by ingestion of the plants. Further, there may frequently be doubt as to the identification of the plant suspected of causing poisoning; indeed, in some cases it is possible that the identification rests on the veterinary surgeon or the stockman thinking a certain plant is the cause. The most complete and systematic account of European poisonous plants is that of Comevin (1887), and references to poisonous plants in the ordinary literature are heavily indebted to him. In so far as the toxic principles of the plants are concerned, however, his book is in many instances no longer reliable. The chemical formulae, quoted for the use of students and research workers, have been checked by consulting works by the following authors, the reference to the bibliography being given in brackets: Henry (128), Dunstan (76), Allen (4), Haas and Hill (114), Thorpe (240), Van Rijn (252), Robert (161), Esser (81), and Beilstein (16). Apart from the literature consulted I desire to acknowledge my great indebtedness to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries for kind permission to make use of official records; to Mr F. W. Garnett, M.R.C.V.S., for kindly reading the proofs from the veterinary standpoint; to very many Experiment Stations, State Departments of Agriculture, and other authorities in Australasia, America and the Continent of Europe, for assistance given and literature sent; to Sir David Prain and members of the staff at Kew for much friendly advice, and aid in consulting the Kew Ubrary; to Sir James Dobbie for permission to spend some time at the Government Laboratories to consult certain volumes; to Mr T. H. Middleton, C.B., Dr E. J. Russell, Professor W. Somerville, Sir Stewart Stockman, Professor T. B. Wood, and others, for information and many helpful suggestions ; to my friend Mr W. A. Whatmough, B.Sc. (Lond.), for many sugges- tions and kindly reading the proofs; and to my colleague Mr W. R. Black for invaluable help in preparing notes, checking data and reading proofs. To all these, and many others who are not mentioned by name, I tender my sincere thanks. For any shortcomings I crave the indulgence of my readers, only requesting that they be friendly enough to spare a moment to call my attention thereto. H. C. LONG. SURBITON, October, 1916.
    . H. C. LONG. SURBITON, October, 1916.)
  • Artschwager & Smiley 1921  + (PREFACE: The work of the Great rests upon
    PREFACE: The work of the Great rests upon the accumulated labor of an obscure host of patient and painstaking workers. — Yoffa. Readers of foreign botanical literature have for a long time felt the need of an accurate translation of technical terms which are not commonly found in our dictionaries. In the following compilation the editors have attempted to supply this need. The foundation of the work rests on Schneider's Illustriertes Handwörterhuch der Botanik. Many terms, however, have been taken from other dictionaries, as well as textbooks and current literature. French and German terms of Latin or Greek origin have been omitted whenever the English equivalent would practical have been only a repetition. For such terms as are included in this dictionary the exact English equivalents have been sought. In numerous instances, however, the lack of such has made it necessary to furnish an explanation of the foreign term rather than a translation. The list of plant names includes important economic plants, farm weeds, and the Latin equivalents for the larger plant groups. The editors, so far from attempting a complete compilation of French and German botanical terms, have aimed only at the production of a practical handbook, accurate within the limits set for it. To make it possible for owners of the volume to amplify the list of terms and names given, the publishers have interleaved blank pages, and it is hoped that this will prove valuable for those who use the book.
    prove valuable for those who use the book.)
  • Penev et al. 2011  + (Scholarly publishing and citation practice
    Scholarly publishing and citation practices have developed largely in the absence of versioned documents. The digital age requires new practices to combine the old and the new. We describe how the original published source and a versioned wiki page based on it can be reconciled and combined into a single citation reference. We illustrate the citation mechanism by way of practical examples focusing on journal and wiki publishing of taxon treatments. Specifically, we discuss mechanisms for permanent cross-linking between the static original publication and the dynamic, versioned wiki, as well as for automated export of journal content to the wiki, to reduce the workload on authors, for combining the journal and the wiki citation and for integrating it with the attribution of wiki contributors.
    with the attribution of wiki contributors.)
  • Oostermeijer 1989  + (Seed dispersal by ants in <em>Polyga
    Seed dispersal by ants in <em>Polygala vulgaris, Luzula campestris</em> and <em>Viola curtisii</em> was studied in a primary dune valley on the island of Terschelling, The Netherlands. Normally developed seeds of all three species are taken by the ants into their nests. The ants show a distinct preference for the seeds of the specialized myrmecochore <em>Polygala vulgaris</em>, as compared with the two diplochorous species. It could be demonstrated that the elaiosome is the attractive part of the seed. Mapping studies demonstrate that the dispersal of the seeds by ants has a marked effect on the distribution pattern of the standing population of <em>Polygala</em> and <em>Viola</em>. Adult plants are often found on or close to the active nest mounds of all ant species present, while the growing sites of juvenile individuals and seedlings are practically restricted to the nest environment. The nests of two of the seed-dispersing ant species, <em>viz.</em>, those of <em>Lasius niger</em> and <em>Tetramorium caespitum</em>, show differences in soil chemistry with the surroundings. The ant nests are significantly richer in some essential plant macronutrients, such as phosphate, potassium and nitrate. The advantage of myrmecochory in the dune area of Terschelling is discussed.
    he dune area of Terschelling is discussed.)
  • Buttler & Hand 2008  + (Seit dem Erscheinen der letzten deutschen
    Seit dem Erscheinen der letzten deutschen Florenliste für Farnund Samenpflanzen im Jahr 1998 haben sich zahlreiche Änderungen ergeben: Erstnachweise, Streichungen und Neubeschreibungen von Sippen, taxonomische Neubewertungen und nomenklatorische Änderungen. Das neue Verzeichnis listet alle in Deutschland etablierten Sippen (Indigene, Archäophyten, Neophyten) der Rangstufen Art und Unterart auf sowie eine Auswahl an Synonymen. Akzeptiert werden 4165 Sippen. Die Kriterien für etablierte Neophyten wurden geringfügig modifiziert. Durch den Bezug zum „Kritischen Band“ der Rothmaler-Exkursionsflora ist im Gegensatz zu früheren Florenlisten eine eindeutige taxonomische Verknüpfung hergestellt; Abweichungen werden kommentiert. Eine Reihe taxonomisch kritischer Taxa wurde von Spezialisten bearbeitet.
    er Taxa wurde von Spezialisten bearbeitet.)
  • Kołodziejska-Degórska 2012  + (Since Local Environmental Knowledge (LEK)
    Since Local Environmental Knowledge (LEK) stems from numerous sources and is learned and transmitted variously, it is highly heterogeneous. One of the reasons for its heterogeneity is a fact that transmission routes and patterns depend mainly on different sources, such as personal experience, influence of others as well as books and media. The objective of this article is to show how useful the idea of mental herbal might be in deep, complex and contextualized description of heterogeneous structure of LEK on the example of Polish minority members in a village Pojana Miculi (Rom. Poiana Micului) – South Bukovina, Romania. The whole body of skills, practice and knowledge of plants held by a particular person is defined here as the mental herbal. Mental herbal approach implies focusing on the particular holders of LEK – their stories, perceptions, everyday practices, considering the environment, and the context, in which LEK functions.
    , and the context, in which LEK functions.)
  • Berendes & Bingen - Die Physica der heiligen Hildegard - 1898  + (Sonder-Abdruck aus: Pharmaceutische Post. 1896 u. 1897)
  • Turner 1877  + (Teile aus dem Inhalt (unkorrigierte Comput
    Teile aus dem Inhalt (unkorrigierte Computer-Texterkennung) : ACACIA (ROSE)—Friendship (page 1) : ADDER’S TONGUE—Deceit (page 2) : ADONIS—Sorrowful remembrances (page 3) : AGERATUM—Politeness (page 4) : AGRIMONY—Thankfulness (page 5) : AILANTUS—Lofty aspirations (page 6) : ALMOND—Despair (page 7) : ALOE—Grief (page 8) : ALOYSIA—Forgiveness (page 9) : ALYSSUM—Merit before beauty (page 10) : AMARANTH—Immortality (page 11) : AMARANTH (GLOBE)—I change -not (page 12) : AMARYLLIS—Pride (page 13) : AMERICAN ARBOR VITAE—Thine till death (page 14) : AMERICAN ELM—Patriotism (page 15) : AMERICAN LINDEN—Matrimony (page 16) : ANDROMEDA (MARSH)—Bound by fate (page 17) : ANEMONE—Anticipation (page 18) : ANGELICA—Inspiration (page 19) : APOCYNUM—Falsehood (page 20) : APPLE BLOSSOM—Preference (page 21) : APRICOT—Temptation (page 22) : ARBUTUS—Simplicity (page 23) : ARETHUSA—Fear (page 24) : ARISTOLOCHIA—Prodigality (page 25) : ARNICA—Let me heal thy grief (page 26) : ASCLEPIAS—Conquer your love (page 27) : ASH—Grandeur (page 28) : ASPARAGUS—Emulation (page 29) : ASPEN—Excessive sensibility page 30 : ASPHODEL—Remembered beyond the tomb (page 31) : ASTER—Cheerfulness in old age (page 32) : AURICULA—Painting (page 33) : AZALEA—Temperance (page 34) : BACCHARIS—Intoxication (page 35) : BACHELOR’S BUTTON—Single blessedness (page 36) : BALM (MOLUCCA)—You excite my curiosity (page 37) : BALM (SWEET)—Charms (page 38) : BALM (WILD)—I value your sympathy (page 39) : BALM OF GILEAD—Sympathetic feeling (page 40) : BALSAMINE—Im patience (page 41) : BARTONIA (GOLDEN)—Does he possess riches? page 42 : BASIL (SWEET)—Good wishes (page 43) : BAYBERRY—I respect thy tears (page 44) : BEECH—Lovers’ tryst (page 45) : BEGONIA—Deformity (page 46) : BELLFLOWER—A constant heart (page 47) : BERBERRY—A sour disposition (page 48) : BIRCH—E1egance (page 49) : BLACK HOARHOUND—I reject you (page 50) : BLADDERNUT—A trifling character (page 51) : BORAGE—Abruptness (page 52) : BOUNCING BESS—Intrusion (page 53) : Box—Stoicism (page 54) : BROOM—Humility (page 55) : BROOM CORN—Labor (page 56) : BROWALLIA—Can you bear poverty? page 57 : BUGLOSS—Hypocrisy (page 58) : BULRUSH—Indecision (page 59) : BURDOCK—Proximity undesirable (page 60) : BUTTERCUP—Distrust (page 61) : BUTTERFLY ORCHIS—Gaiety (page 62) : CACALIA—Adulation (page 63) : CACTUS (NIGHT-BL00M1NG)—Transient beauty page 64 : CACTUS (SNAKE)—You terrify me (page 65) : CALCEOLARIA—Novelty (page 66) : CALLA LILY—Feminine beauty (page 67) : CALYCANTHUS—Benevolence (page 68) : CAMELLIA—Perfect loveliness (page 69) : CANARY GRASS—Perseverance (page 70) : CANDYTUET—Architecture (page 71) : CANTERBURY BELLS—Gratitude (page 72) : CARDAMINE—Infatuation (page 73) : CARDINAL FLOWER—Preferment (page 74) : CARNATION—Contempt (page 75) : CATCHFLY—I am thy prisoner (page 76) : CEDAR (RED)—I live for thee (page 77) : CELANDINE—Future happiness (page 78) : CHAMOMILE—Mercy (page 79) : CHESTNUT—Deceptive appearances (page 80) : CHICKWEED—Star of my existence (page 81) : CHICORY—Prudent economy (page 82) : CHINA ASTER (DOUBLE)—Bounty (page 83) : CHINA ASTER (SINGLE)—I will think of it (page 84) : CHRYSANTHEMUM—Slighted affections (page 85) : CINERARIA—Always delightful (page 86) : CITRON—Marriage (page 87) : CLIANTHUS—Glorious beauty (page 88) : CLOTBUR—Detraction (page 89) : CLOVER—Industry (page 90) : COBAEA—Gossip (page 91) : COCKSCOMB—Foppery (page 92) : COLUMBINE—Folly (page 93) : COREOPSIS—Happy at all times (page 94) : CORIANDER—Merit (page 95) : CORN COCKLE—Worth above beauty (page 96) : CORONILLA—Success crown your wishes (page 97) : COTTON PLANT—Greatness (page 98) : CRANBERRY—Hardihood (page 99) : CRAPE MYRTLE—Eloquence (page 100) : CROCUS (SPRING)—Cheerfulness (page 101) : CROWN IMPERIAL—Imperial power (page 102) : CUPHEA—Impatience (page 103) : CURRANT—You please all (page 104) : CYCLAMEN—Difiidence (page 105) : CYPRESS—Sorrow (page 106) : DAFFODIL—Chivalry (page 107) : DAHLIA—Dignity (page 108) : DAISY—Innocence and beauty (page 109) : DANDELION—Youthful recollections (page 110) : DAPHNE—Sweets to the sweet (page 111) : DARNEL—Vice (page 112) : DAY LILY—Coquetry (page 113) : DEADLY NIGHTSHADE—Death (page 114) : DODDER—Baseness (page 115) : DOGWOOD—Honesty true nobility (page 116) : DRAGON’S CLAW—Danger (page 117) : DWARF PINK—Innocence (page 118) : DYER’S WEED—Design (page 119) : EBENASTER—Night (page 120) : EGLANTINE—Home (page 121) : ELDER—Zeal (page 122) : ENCHANTER’S NIGHTSHADE—Sorcery (page 123) : ENDIVE—Medicine (page 124) : ENGLISH Moss—Fortitude (page 125) : ESCALLONIA—Opinion (page 126) : ETERNAL FLOWER—Eternity (page 127) : EUPATORIUM—Delay (page 128) : EUPHORBIA—Reproof (page 129) : EUTOCA—A Gift (page 130) : EYEBRIGHT—Your eyes are bewitching (page 131) : FENNEL—Worthy all praise (page 132) : FENNEL FLOWER—Artifice (page 133) : FERN (WALKING)—Curiosity (page 134) : FEVERFEW—Beneficence (page 135) : FIR BALSAM—Hea1th (page 136) : FLAx—Domestic industry (page 137) : FLOWER-OE-AN-HOUR—Trifling beauty (page 138) : FOUR-O’CLOCK—Time (page 139) : FOXGLOVE—De1irium (page 140) : FRITILLARIA—Persecution (page 141) : FUCHSIA—Grace (page 142) : GENTIAN—Intrinsic worth (page 143) : GERANIUM—Confidence (page 144) : GLADIOLUS—Ready armed (page 145) : GLOBE FLOWER—Fancy (page 146) : GOURD—Extent (page 147) : GRASS—Utility (page 148) : GROUND IVY—Enjoyment (page 149) : GROUND PINE—Complaint (page 150) : GUM TREE—Enthusiasm (page 151) : HAWKWEED—Quick-sightedness (page 152) : HEATH—Solitude (page 153) : HELENIUM—Tears (page 154) : HELIOTROPE—Devotion (page 155) : HELLEBORE—Calumny (page 156) : HEMP—Fate (page 157) : HoLLYHOCK—Ambition (page 158) : HOLLY—Foresight (page 159) : HONESTY—Honesty (page 160) : HONEYSUCKLE—Bonds of love (page 161) : HOP—Injustice (page 162) : HORSE CHESTNUT—Luxury (page 163) : HOUSELEEK—Vivacity (page 164) : HOYA—Sculpture (page 165) : HYACINTH—Jealousy (page 166) : HYDRANGEA—Boasting (page 167) : HYSSOP—Purificati0n (page 168) : ICE PLANT—Formality (page 169) : INDIAN MALLow—Estimation (page 170) : IPOMmA—Attachment (page 171) : IPOMOPSIS—Suspense (page 172) : IRIS—A messenger (page 173) : IVY—Lasting friendship (page 174) : JASMINE (WHITE)—Amiability (page 175) : JUNIPER—Asylum (page 176) : JUSTICIA—Female loveliness (page 177) : KENNEDYA—Mental beauty (page 178) : LADY'S SLIPPER—Fickleness (page 179) : LAKE-FLOWER—Retil‘el‘nent (page 180) : LANTANA—Rigor (page 181) : LARKSPUR—Levity (page 182) : LAUREL—Glory (page 183) : LAURESTINE—I die if neglected (page 184) : LAVENDER—Confession (page 185) : LEMON BLOSSOM—Discretion (page 186) : LETTUCE—Cold-hearted (page 187) : LILAC—Awakening love (page 188) : LILY—Purity (page 189) : LILY OF THE VALLEY—Return of happiness (page 190) : LION’S HEART—Bravery (page 191) : LOASA—Pleasure (page 192) : LOBELIA—Malevolence (page 193) : LOCUST—Vicissitude (page 194) : LOPHOSPERMUM—Ecstasy (page 195) : LUPINE—Voraciousness (page 196) : MAGNOLIA—Love of nature (page 197) : MALLOW—Goodness (page 198) : MAPLE (ROCK)—Reserve (page 199) : MARIGOLD—Cruelty (page 200) : MARJORAM (SWEET)—Blushes (page 201) : MATTHIOLA—Promptitude (page 202) : MAURANDIA—Courtesy (page 203) : MAYWEED—Rumor (page 204) : MEDICK—Agriculture (page 205) : MELILOT—Philanthropy (page 206) : MERMAID WEED—Necessity (page 207) : MIGNONETTE—Your qualities surpass your charms (page 208) : MINT—Virtue (page 209) : MISTLETOE—Obstacles to be overcome (page 210) : MONKSHOOD—Knight-errantry (page 211) : MORNING GLORY—Repose (page 212) : MOURNING BRIDE—Unfortunate attachment (page 213) : MULLEIN—Good nature (page 214) : MUSK PLANT—A meeting (page 215) : MUSTARD—Indifference (page 216) : MYRTLE—Love (page 217) : NASTURTIUM—Heroism (page 218) : NEMOPHILA—Prosperity (page 219) : NETTLE—Slander (page 220) : OAK—Honor (page 221) : OATS—Country life (page 222) : OLEANDER—Beware (page 223) : OLEASTER—Providence (page 224) : OLIVE—Peace (page 225) : ORANGE—Chastity (page 226) : ORCHIS—A belle (page 227) : OSIER (BASKET)—Frankness (page 228) : OSMUNDA—Dreams (page 229) : OXALIS—Parental affection (page 230) : PonNY—Shame (page 231) : PARSLEY—Festivity (page 232) : PASSION FLOWER—Holy love (page 233) : PEA (SWEET)—Departure (page 234) : PEACH BLOSSOM—I am your captive (page 235) : PENTSTEMON—High-bred (page 236) : PERIWINKLE—Early friendship (page 237) : PERSIMMON—Amid nature’s beauties (page 238) : PETUNIA—Keep your promises (page 239) : PHASEOLUS—Opportunity (page 240) : PHLOX—Unanimity (page 241) : PIMPERNEL—Mirth (page 242) : PINE—Philosophy (page 243) : PITCHER PLANT—Instinct (page 244) : PLUMBAGO—Meekness with dignity (page 245) : POINSETTIA—Brilliancy (page 246) : POMEGRANATE—Lightning (page 247) : POPPY (OPIUM)—Sleep (page 248) : PORTULACA—Variety (page 249) : POTENTILLA—Beloved daughter (page 250) : PRIMROSE—Youth (page 251) : PRIVET—Defense (page 252) : QUEEN OF THE MEADOW—Praise (page 253) : QUEEN OF THE PRAIRIE—Nobility (page 254) : QUINCE—Allurement (page 255) : RAGGED ROBIN—Wit (page 256) : RANUNCULUS—Ingratitude (page 257) : RHODORA—Beauty in retirement (page 258) : ROCKET—Rivalry (page 259) : ROSE (AUSTRIAN)—Loveliness (page 260) : ROSEBAY—Talking (page 261) : ROSE (DAMASK)—Blushing beauty (page 262) : ROSE-LEAVED RUBUS—Threats (page 263) : ROSEMARY—Remembrance (page 264) : ROSE (MUSK)—Charms (page 265) : ROSE (WHITE)—Secrecy (page 266) : RUDBECKIA—Justice (page 267) : RUE—Repentance (page 268) : SAGE—Domestic virtue (page 269) : SALVIA—Energy (page 270) : SARSAPARILLA—Experience (page 271) : SASSAFRAS—Favor (page 272) : SENSITIVE PLANT—Bashful modesty (page 273) : SHAMROCK—Light-heartedness (page 274) : SNAPDRAGON—Presumption (page 275) : SNOWBALL—Thoughts of heaven (page 276) : SNOWDROP—Consolation (page 277) : SNOWDROP TREE—Exhilaration (page 278) : SOUTHERNWOOD—Jesting (page 279) : SPEEDWELL—Female fidelity (page 280) : SPIDERWORT—Transient happiness (page 281) : SPIKENARD—Benefits (page 282) : SPRUCE—Farewell (page 283) : STAPELIA—Offense (page 284) : STAR FLOWER—Reciprocity (page 285) : STAR OF BETHLEHEM—Reconciliation (page 286) : STRAWBERRY—Perfect goodness (page 287) : SUMACH—Splendor (page 288) : SUMMER SAVORY—Success (page 289) : SUNFLOWER—Lofty thoughts (page 290) : SWEET FLAG—Fitness, I page 291 : SWEET POTATO—Hidden qualities (page 292) : SWEET SULTAN—Felicity (page 293) : SWEET WILLIAM—Stratagem (page 294) : SYCAMORE—Woodland beauty (page 295) : SYRINGA—Memory (page 296) : TANSY—Resistance (page 297) : TEASEL—Misanthropy (page 298) : THISTLE—Austerity (page 299) : THORN—Difficulty (page 300) : THORN APPLE—Deceitful charms (page 301) : THRIFT—Sympathy (page 302) : TIGER FLOWER—Pride befriend me (page 303) : TRUMPET FLOWER—Fame (page 304) : TUBEROSE—Voluptuousness (page 305) : TULIP—Declaration of love (page 306) : TUSSILAGO—Justice to you (page 307) : VALERIAN—Obliging disposition (page 308) : VENUS’s FLY-TRAP—Deceit (page 309) : VENUS’S LOOKING-GLASS—Flattery (page 310) : VERBENA—Sensibility (page 311) : VIOLET—Modesty (page 312) : VIRGIN’S BOWER—Filial affection (page 313) : WALLFLOWER—Fidelity in misfortune (page 314) : WALNUT—Intellect (page 315) : WATER LILY—Eloquence (page 316) : WEEPING WILLOW—Melancholy (page 317) : WHEAT—Riches (page 318) : WHITE WALNUT—Understanding (page 319) : WINTER CHERRY—Deception (page 320) : WITCH HAZEL—Witchery (page 321) : WORMWOOD—Absence (page 322) : YARROW—War (page 323) : YEW—Sorrow (page 324) : YUCCA—Authority (page 325) : ZINNIA—Thoughts in absence (page 326)
    5) : ZINNIA—Thoughts in absence (page 326))
  • Johnson 1998  + (The CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference contain
    The CRC Ethnobotany Desk Reference contains almost 30,000 concise ethnobotanical monographs of plant species characteristics and an inventory of claimed attributes and historical uses by cultures throughout the world-the most ambitious attempt to date to inventory plants on a global scale and match botanical information with historical and current uses.To obtain the same information about any species listed, you would have to thumb through hundreds of herbal guides, ethnobotanical manuals, and regional field guides. Sources for this index include the three largest U.S. Government ethnobotany databases, the U.S. National Park Service NPFlora plant inventory lists, and 18 leading works on the subject.
    ists, and 18 leading works on the subject.)
  • Graeme et al. 2011  + (The Western Herbal Tradition provides a co
    The Western Herbal Tradition provides a comprehensive and critical exploration of the use of plant medicines through 2000 years of history from Dioscorides to the present day. It follows each of the 27 herbs through a wide range of key sources from European, Arabic and American traditions including Greek, Roman and Renaissance texts. A rich discussion of the historical texts is balanced with current application and research. The herbs have been selected on the basis of common use by practising herbalists. Each illustrated monograph contains: Species, identification and botanical description A study of the characterisation and medicinal use of the plants consistently drawn from featured herbals which includes the authors₂ own translations from the Latin Assessment of past and current texts in the transmission of herbal knowledge Consideration of traditional therapeutics, including humoral and physiomedical approaches Suggestions towards a modern experiential approach through Goethean methodology Current evidence on pharmacological constituents Review of evidence on safety Recommendations for internal and external uses, prescribing and dosage Excellent illustrations accompany each monograph to aid learning First book to cover broader historical perspective and discussions of issues surrounding each herb Written by leading experts who are well known in the field Includes some monographs of which there is little material already available The bibliographic evidence provided could support applications for registration of Herbal Medicinal Products under the provisions of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Directive An excellent valuable resource for everyone interested in herbal medicine. <table> <tr><td>CHAPTER 1 - The historical sources</td><td>Pages 1-22</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 2 - Some observations on the Western herbal tradition</td><td>Pages 23-28</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 3 - Origins and proponents of the revival of herbal medicine in 19th century Britain</td><td>Pages 29-35</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 4 - A note on Goethe</td><td>Pages 37-40</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 5 - Notes on nomenclature, plant descriptions, quality, constituents, safety and dosages</td><td>Pages 41-45</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 6 - <em>Agrimonia eupatoria</em>, agrimony</td><td>Pages 47-55</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 7 - <em>Alchemilla vulgaris</em>, lady's mantle</td><td>Pages 57-65</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 8 - <em>Althaea officinalis</em>, marshmallow; <em>Malva sylvestris</em>, common mallow; <em>Alcea rosea</em>, hollyhock</td><td>Pages 67-78</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 9 - <em>Apium graveolens</em>, wild celery</td><td>Pages 79-89</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 10 - <em>Arctium lappa</em>, burdock</td><td>Pages 91-103</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 11 - <em>Artemisia absinthium</em>, wormwood</td><td>Pages 105-121</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 12 - <em>Artemisia vulgaris</em>, mugwort</td><td>Pages 123-134</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 13 - <em>Centaurium erythraea</em>, centaury</td><td>Pages 135-144</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 14 - <em>Daucus carota</em>, wild carrot</td><td>Pages 145-154</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 15 - <em>Drimia maritima</em>, squill</td><td>Pages 155-164</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 16 - <em>Fumaria officinalis</em>, fumitory</td><td>Pages 165-172</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 17 - <em>Galium aparine</em>, goosegrass</td><td>Pages 173-180</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 18 - <em>Glechoma hederacea</em>, ground ivy</td><td>Pages 181-189</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 19 - <em>Hyssopus officinalis</em>, hyssop</td><td>Pages 191-199</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 20 - <em>Inula helenium</em>, elecampane</td><td>Pages 201-210</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 21 - <em>Lamium album</em>, white deadnettle</td><td>Pages 211-220</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 22 - <em>Ocimum basilicum</em>, basil</td><td>Pages 221-229</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 23 - <em>Paeonia officinalis</em>, paeony</td><td>Pages 231-239</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 24 - <em>Potentilla erecta</em>, tormentil</td><td>Pages 241-252</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 25 - <em>Rosa damascena</em>, damask rose</td><td>Pages 253-270</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 26 - <em>Rubus idaeus</em>, raspberry</td><td>Pages 271-282</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 27 - <em>Ruta graveolens</em>, rue</td><td>Pages 283-295</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 28 - <em>Scrophularia nodosa</em>, figwort</td><td>Pages 297-306</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 29 - <em>Stachys officinalis</em>, wood betony</td><td>Pages 307-316</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 30 - <em>Tussilago farfara</em>, coltsfoot</td><td>Pages 317-326</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 31 - <em>Verbena officinalis</em>, vervain</td><td>Pages 327-336</td></tr> <tr><td>CHAPTER 32 - <em>Viola odorata</em>, sweet violet; <em>Viola tricolor</em>, heartsease</td><td>Pages 337-348</td></tr> <tr><td>Index</td><td>Pages 349-379</td></tr> </table>
    9-379</td></tr> </table>)
  • Taulavuori et al. 2013  + (The aim of this paper is to review the exp
    The aim of this paper is to review the experimental studies performed with two important species (i.e. ''Vaccinium myrtillus'' and ''Vaccinium vitis-idaea'') of the shrub layer of boreal forests. The focus is on ecophysiology and stress tolerance under conditions of air pollution and global change. Our objective was to make an overview of studies of abiotic stress related to global change on the above species, and discuss the reported effects of these environmental factors. These issues include nitrogen, heavy metals, radionuclides, salt, ozone, carbon dioxide, warming climate, declining snow cover, periodic droughts, fire and elevated UV radiation. The findings suggest that both species are relatively tolerant to many abiotic environmental stresses: increased nitrogen and metal supply have negligible impacts on these species, as the atmospheric gaseous compounds reported. In some cases the effects are even positive, since extra nitrogen may improve the frost hardiness of ''V. vitis-idaea'', and ''V. myrtillus'' may even benefit from elevated CO₂. Both species also seem to recover well from fires. However, the reports demonstrated that both have species-specific areas of weakness: (1) ''V. myrtillus'' is susceptible to stress caused by warming winter, and (2) frost hardiness of ''V. vitis-idaea'' may be reduced under enhanced UV radiation.
    ay be reduced under enhanced UV radiation.)
  • Łuczaj et al. 2012  + (The aim of this review is to present an ov
    The aim of this review is to present an overview of changes in the contemporary use of wild food plants in Europe, mainly using the examples of our home countries: Poland, Italy, Spain, Estonia and Sweden. We set the scene referring to the nutrition of 19th century peasants, involving many famine and emergency foods. Later we discuss such issues as children’s wild snacks, the association between the decline of plant knowledge and the disappearance of plant use, the effects of over-exploitation, the decrease of the availability of plants due to ecosystem changes, land access rights for foragers and intoxication dangers. We also describe the 20th and 21st century vogues in wild plant use, particularly their shift into the domain of haute-cuisine.
    ir shift into the domain of haute-cuisine.)
  • Ristić et al 2010  + (The aim of this work was to analyse the ch
    The aim of this work was to analyse the chemical composition and antimicrobial properties of essential oils isolated from two wild-growing species of thyme (Thymus pulegioides L. and T. glabrescens Willd.) originating from different locations in Romania. The yield of essential oil was determined according to European Pharmacopoeia standards. Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the oils was performed using GC and GC/MS. The antimicrobial activity was tested by the microdilution technique against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria (Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, S. enteritisdis, Enterobacter cloacae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, Streptococcus faecalis, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, M. flavus and Listeria monocytogenes) and human pathogen yeast Candida albicans. The essential oil of Thymus pulegioides was obtained in a yield of 0.7–1 % (v/d.w. herbal drug) and the main components were carvacrol (50.5–62.6 %), g-terpinene (9.8–9.9 %) and p-cymene (5.8–7.1 %). The essential oil of T. glabrescens was obtained in a yield of 0.7 (v/d.w. herbal drug) and the main components were geraniol (55.5 %), neryl acetate (11.1 %) and β-bisabolene (6.7 %). The essential oils inhibited microbial growth at concentrations of 10.8–27 μl/ml.
    growth at concentrations of 10.8–27 μl/ml.)
  • Mártonfi 1997  + (The genus ''Thymus'' in Carpathians and Pa
    The genus ''Thymus'' in Carpathians and Pannonia is represented by 11 species (two of which are divided in two subspecies). In the paper the survey of the taxa with their synonymy is presented. Altogether 279 taxonomic synonyms, 382 nomenclatural synonyms and 358 invalid names, combinations and misidentifications are listed. At the same time 79 lectotypifications of names, among the others ''Thymus carpathicus'' ČELAK. and ''Thymus montanus'' WALDST. et KIT. are given. The paper is completed by citations of exsicates and drawings as well as by 11 nomenclatural notes and a new combination - ''Thymus pulcherrimus'' subsp. ''carpathicus'' (ČELAK.) MÁRTONFI.
    subsp. ''carpathicus'' (ČELAK.) MÁRTONFI.)
  • Zwick 1978  + (The identity of 6 nomina nuda published by
    The identity of 6 nomina nuda published by the late B. Mannheims (1976) is ascertained, some new species are described. ''Liponeura cinerascens jugoslavica'' Komarek & Vimmer is revalidated and several new synonymies are established: ''Liponeura cinerea cinera'' Loew (= ''L. pyrenaica'' Vaillant); ''L. minor'' Bischoff (= ''L. vanosica'' Vaillant, = ''L. meridionalis'' Vaillant, = ''L. occidentalis'' Vaillant); ''L. gelaiana'' Giudicelli & Lavandier (''L. iberica'' Mannheims, nom. nud.); ''L. deceptiva'' Vaillant (= ''L. deceptiva'' Mannheims, nom. nud.); ''L. deceptrix'' n. sp.; ''L. itala'' n. sp. (= ''L. itala'' Mannheims, nom. nud.), ''L. angelieri'' Giudicelli & Lavandier (= ''L. annulata'' Mannheims, nom. nud.); ''L. bischoffi'' Edwards (= ''L. sardoa'' Mannheims, nom. nud.); ''L. cypria'' n. sp.; ''L. nevadensis'' n. sp. (= ''L. vockerothi'' Mannheims, nom. nud.); ''Apistomyia aphrodite'' n. sp.; ''A. ariadne'' n. sp. Faunistical data for these and for several other European species of ''Liponeura'', ''Dioptopsis'', ''Blepharicera'', ''Hapalothrix'' and ''Apistomyia'' are also presented.
    x'' and ''Apistomyia'' are also presented.)
  • Kwak et al. 1985  + (The nectar characteristics (amount, concen
    The nectar characteristics (amount, concentration and sugar ratios) of two sympatrically occurring and synchronously flowering Rhinanthus species were investigated. Data were collected on days with different temperatures. Nectar amounts available for bumblebees (pollinators) were higher on a hot day in Rhinanthus serotinus than in R. minor. On a cool day no differences were found except in the early morning. Nectar of R. serotinus taken at any one time showed higher sugar concentrations than R. minor. Nectar of both species contained fructose, glucose and sucrose. In R. minor lactose and rhamnose were also detected. The relationship of these findings to previously demonstrated floral preference of bumblebees is discussed.
    ral preference of bumblebees is discussed.)
  • Tiţă et al. 2009  + (The paper reports on 161 medicinal plants
    The paper reports on 161 medicinal plants of 56 families, traditionally used in the South-West of Romania (Oltenia region). The plants are applied in ethnopharmacology for the treatment of digestive, respiratory, urinary, cutaneous, cardiovascular, genital and other disorders.
    rdiovascular, genital and other disorders.)
  • Kwak 1979  + (The pollination ecology of five species of
    The pollination ecology of five species of Rhinanthoideae (the annual species Rhinanthus serotinus, R. minor and Melampyrum pratense , the biennial Pedicularis sylvatica and the annual and biennial P. palustris) has been investigated. All species contain pollen and nectar and are frequently visited by sternotribically and nototribically pollinating bumblebees. The effectiveness of pollen transfer has been measured by the use of fluorescent powder. In R. serotinus and M. pratense no differences exist in percentages of fluorescent stigmas of flowers nototribically or sternotribically visited by bumblebees. R. minor flowers, visited sternotribically, have very low percentages of fluorescent stigmas. This indicates that the pollen‐covered venter cannot touch stigmas enclosed by the galea; the movements of the bumblebees probably caused self‐pollination. P. palustris, R. serotinus and M. pratense flowers are very frequently perforated by nectar‐collecting short‐tongued bumblebees. P. sylvatica and R. minor flowers are very rarely perforated. On these species nectar is mainly collected by nototribically pollinating bumblebees. Seed production and dependence upon pollination by bumblebees (Bombus Latr. spp.) are considered. A range from high dependence upon bumblebee visits for seed production in P. palustris , to medium dependence in P. sylvatica and R. serotinus and virtual independence in R. minor and M. pratense is established. No species is completely self‐sterile. Seed set in caged plants is due to favourable morphology and position of flowers. Close proximity of thecae and stigma or a downward curving of the pistil under pollen chamber in Melampyrum and Rhinanthus insure seed set in caged plants. In Pedicularis these characteristics for self‐pollination are absent. The importance of bumblebees for the five Rhinanthoideae and the reciprocal importance of these pollen and nectar providing plants for bumblebees is discussed. The importance of alternative pollination by honeybees, thrips and wind is evaluated.
    y honeybees, thrips and wind is evaluated.)
  • Kwak 1978  + (The pollination, hybridization and etholog
    The pollination, hybridization and ethological isolation of sympatric and synchronously flowering annuals Rhinanthus minor and R. serotinus were studied. Pollination was achieved by nototribically and sternotribically pollinating bumblebees (Bombus spp.), i.e. the essential parts of the flower contacts the dorsal respectively the ventral side of the insect’s body. In general, pollination behaviour was related to tongue lengths of bumblebee species. Bumblebees could bring about species hybridization by visits to both plants species during one foraging trip as nototribic or as sternotribic pollinators and species isolation by visits to only one species during one foraging trip or by visits to one species nototribically and to the other sternotribically during one foraging trip. Hybridization between the two annual Rhinanthus species resulted in the rise of hybrid swarms. Partial isolation could be effected if medium-tongued or short-tongued bumblebee species visited both plant species during one foraging trip; in that case the stigma of R. minor is not able to touch the sites of R. serotinus pollen on the bodies of the bumblebees, but the reverse may be possible. The inaccessibility of the R. minor stigma resulted in R. minor remaining relatively „pure“. By analyzing the foraging patterns of bumblebees on Rhinanthus during three successive days the significance of two different forms of ethological isolation is considered. About 40% of the observed bumblebees confined their visits to one Rhinanthus species. The long-tongued B. hortorum showed a strong preference for R. serotinus. The behaviour patterns of 60% brought about partial isolation or hybridization. The medium-tongued B. pascuorum was responsible for partial isolation (isolation of R. minor). The short-tongued species B. pratorum, B. terrestris and B. lapidarius were „good“ hybridizers. To support the idea that introgression into R. serotinus was likely, some other factors are discussed, e.g. the attractiveness of R. serotinus, and the fact that bumblebees are more likely to alternate between R. serotinus and the hybrid forms.
    between R. serotinus and the hybrid forms.)
  • Bonet & Vallès 2007  + (The present paper deals with plants used i
    The present paper deals with plants used in veterinary medicine in Montseny. An ethnobotanical survey was carried out in the Montseny massif, which is situated in north-east Catalonia (Iberian Peninsula), covers 826 km2 and has a population of 80,000. The information was obtained through 120 ethnobotanical interviews to 180 informants. Out of 584 species reported, 351 are claimed to be used in the health field (human and veterinary medicine), 280 in human and animal food and 236 have another kind of popular use. Medicinal species represent around 16.5% of Montseny's vascular flora. In a previous paper we addressed plant use in human medicine, and the present paper deals with veterinarian uses. As a reflection of the importance of rural life in the region, at least until recent times, a substantial number of medicinal plants (89 species, representing 6% of the flora of the territory and 6.4% of all medicinal use-reports in the region) is used in veterinary medicine. These remedies are mostly for cows, calves, sheep, pigs and horses, and secondarily, to poultry, rabbits and dogs. The main ailments treated are postnatal problems, intestinal troubles, wounds and dermatological problems. In many cases, the use of these remedies in veterinary medicine is fully consistent with their use in human medicine.
    nsistent with their use in human medicine.)