Quave & Pieroni 2015

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Quave, C. L. & Pieroni, A. 2. Februar 2015: A reservoir of ethnobotanical knowledge informs resilient food security and health strategies in the Balkans. In: Nature Plants. Bd. 1, Nr. 14021, S. 1-6, doi:10.1038/nplants.2014.21.

Stichworte: ethnobotanyBalkan regionmedicinal plantstraditional knowledgecardiovascular usedermatological useeconomics useendocrinological useethnoveterinary usefood usegastrointestinal usegeneral health usegynaecological, andrological, nephrological, and urological usehousehold usemusculoskeletal and neurological useophthalmological useoral and dental useotolaryngological and respiratory useritual and spiritual useAchillea millefoliumAllium ampeloprasumAllium cepaAllium porrumAllium sativumAllium schoenoprasumAllium sp.Arctostaphylos uvaursiAsphodelus albusAspleniumAsplenium trichomanesAtriplex hortensisAvena sativaBellis perennisBeta vulgarisBetula pendula RothBrassica oleraceaBryonia albaBunium alpinumCarlina sp.Centarium erythraeaChelidonium majusChenopodium bonushenricusCitrus limonCornus masCorylus avellanaCrataegus spp.Cucurbita maximaCydonia oblongaCynodon dactylonDatura stramoniumEquisetum arvenseEriophorum sp.Fagus sylvaticaFragaria vescaGentiana luteaHelianthus tuberosusHelleborus sp.Hyoscyamus nigerHypericum perforatumJuglans regiaJuniperus communisLactuca sativaLamium spp.Malus domesticaMalus sylvestrisMalva sylvestrisMatricaria recutitaMelissa officinalisMentha longifoliaMentha spicataNarcissus poeticusNepeta catariaOlea europaeaOrchis masculaOriganum vulgareOryza sativaOstrya carpinifoliaPhaseolus vulgarisPinguicula sp.Pinus nigraPinus nigra ArnoldPlantago lanceolataPlantago majorPrimula verisPrunus cerasiferaPrunus domesticaPrunus spinosaPrunus spp.Punica granatumPyrus communisPyrus pyrasterRosa caninaRosa spp.Rubus fruticosusRubus idaeusRumex acetosellaRumex alpinusRumex crispusRumex obtusifoliusRumex patientiaRumex pulcherSalix albaSalix sp.Salvia verticillataSambucus ebulusSambucus nigraSecale cerealeSedum telephiumSempervivum tectorumSilene sp.Solanum tuberosumSpinacia oleraceaSyringa vulgarisTanacetum vulgareTaraxacum officinaleThymus pulegioidesTrifolium spp.Triticum aestivumUlmus minorUrtica dioicaVaccinium myrtillusZea mays

Zusammenfassung: While all peoples are nested in their environments, their decisions and actions are mediated by culturally constructed values, beliefs and priorities. Ethnobotanical methods can show how different ethnic groups living within the same geographic landscape interact with environmental resources. Here, we explore the impact of culture on ethnobotanical knowledge, and practice on local food security and human health. Gora, a mountainous territory of northeastern Albania, is home to two culturally and linguistically distinct peoples: Gorani and Albanians. We investigated the divergences and convergences of ethnobotanical strategies among the groups with respect to the use of 104 plant species. Local knowledge modulated by cultural history has moulded these peoples' use of their natural environment, fostering resilience during periods of food insecurity.



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