Redzic 2006

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Redzic, S. J. 1. Juli 2006: Wild Edible Plants and Their Traditional Use in the Human Nutrition in Bosnia‐Herzegovina. In: Ecology of Food and Nutrition. Bd. 45, Nr. 3, ISSN 0367-0244, S. 189; 189–232, doi:10.1080/03670240600648963 (https:/​/​doi.​org/​10.​1080/​03670240600648963, abgerufen am 20. Oktober 2020).

Stichworte: nutritionhuman ecologybiodiversityBalkan peninsulaethnobotanywild foodenglishethnopharmacologyfemalehealth knowledge, attitudes, practicehumansmedical researchmedicine, experimentalplants, medicinalwild edible plantsAbies albaAcer platanoidesAcer pseudoplatanusAchillea millefoliumAcoms calamusAdiantum capillus-venerisAegopodium podagrariaAgrimonia eupatoriaAjuga reptansAlchemilla hybridaAlchemilla plicatulaAlchemilla xanthochloraAlisma plantago-aquaticaAlliaria officinalisAllium carinatumAllium montanumAllium sphaerocephalonAllium ursinumAllium victorialisAllium vinealeAlthaea officinalisAlthaea roseaAmaranthus retroflexusAmelanchier ovalisAnacamptis pyramidalisAngelica archangelicaAnthyllis vulnerariaArbutus unedoArctium lappaArctostaphylos uva-ursiArtemisia vulgarisArum italicumArum maculatumAsclepias syriacaAsparagus officinalisAsphodeline luteaAsphodelus albusAsphodelus microcarpusAtriplex hortensisAtriplex nitensBarbarea bosniacaBarbarea vulgarisBellis perennisBellis sylvestrisBerberis vulgarisBeta maritimaBeta vulgarisBetula pendulaBrassica nigraBrassica oleraceaBriza maximaBriza mediaButomus umbellatusCalluna vulgarisCaltha palustrisCampanula glomerataCampanula pyramidalisCampanula rapunculoidesCampanula tracheliumCapparis spinosaCapsella bursa-pastorisCardamine pratensisCardaria drabaCarlina acaulisCarum carviCastanea sativaCeltis australisCentaurea jaceaChenopodium albumChenopodium bonus-henricusCichorium intybusCirsium oleraceumClematis vitalbaCornus masCorylus avellanaCorylus colurnaCotoneaster integerrimusCotoneaster nebrodensisCrataegus laevigataCrataegus monogynaCrithmum maritimumCrocus neapolitanusCyperus rotundusDaucus carotaDryopteris filix-masEpilobium angustifoliumEryngium amathystinumEryngium campestreErythronium dens-canisFagus sylvaticaFallopia convolvulusFilipendula hexapetalaFilipendula ulmariaFoeniculum vulgareFragaria elatiorFragaria vescaFraxinus excelsiorFraxinus ornusGalega officinalisGaleopsis segetumGalium odoratumGalium vemmGeum montanumGeum rivaleGeum urbanumGlechoma hederaceaGlyqyrrhiza glabraGymnadenia conopseaHelianthus tuberosusHeracleum orsiniiHeracleum sphondilliumHumulus lupulusHypericum perforatumHyssopus officinalisImpatiens noli-tangereInula heleniumIris germanicaJovibarba globiferaJuglans regiaJuniperus communisJuniperus oxycedrusLactuca perennisLamium maculatumLamium purpureumLapsana communisLathyrus latifoliusLathyrus tuberosusLaurus nobilisLeontodon autumnalisLepidium drabaLeucanthemum vulgareLeucojum aestivumLeucojum vernumLilium cattaniaeLilium martagonLotus corniculatusLunaria annuuaLunaria redivivaMalus silvestrisMalva moschataMalva neglectaMalva silvestrisMarrubium vulgareMedicago sativaMelilotus officinalisMelissa officinalisMelittis melissophyllumMentha arvensisMentha longifoliaMentha pulegiumMercurialis annuuaMercurialis perennisMorus albaMyrtus communisNasturtium officinaleNigella sativaNuphar luteaNymphaea albaOnonis spinosaOphyris sphrgoidesOpuntia ficus-indicaOrchis morioOrchis simiaOriganum vulgareOrnithogalum umbellatumOxalis acetosellaOxalis strictaOxyria dyginaPaliurus spina-christiPastinaca sativaPetasites hybridusPhragmites australisPhysalis alkekengiPhyteuma spicatumPicea abiesPimpinella saxifragaPinus heldreichiiPinus mugoPinus nigraPinus silvestrisPistacia lentiscusPistacia terebinthusPlantago coronopusPlantago lanceolataPlantago majorPlantago mediaPlantago reniformisPlatanthera bifoliaPolygonatum odoratumPolygonum avicularePolygonum bistortaPolygonum hydropiperPolygonum viviparumPolypodium cambricumPolypodium vulgarePortulaca oleraceaPotentilla anserinaPotentilla erectaPrimula intricataPrimula verisPrimula vulgarisPrunella vulgarisPrunus aviumPrunus mahalebPrunus spinosaPsoralea bituminosaPteridium aquilinumPulmonaria officinalisPunica granatumPyrus amygdaliformisPyrus pyrasterQuercus cerrisQuercus frainettoQuercus ilexQuercus petraeaQuercus pubescensQuercus roburRaphanus raphanistrumReynoutria japonicaRibes alpinumRibes petraeumRibes uva-crispaRobinia pseudacaciaRorippa sylvestrisRosa arvensisRosa caninaRosa glaucaRosa pendulinaRubus caesiusRubus fruticosusRubus hirtusRubus idaeusRumex acetosaRumex acetosellaRumex alpinusRumex crispusRumex patientiaRumex scutatusRuscus aculeatusSagittaria sagittifoliaSalicornia herbaceaSalvia officinalisSalvia pratensisSambucus ebulusSambucus nigraSambucus racemosaSanguisorba minorSanguisorba officinalisSanicula europaeaSatureja montanaSatureja subspicataScorzonera roseaScorzonera villosaSedum acreSedum albumSedum montanumSempervivum marmoreumSielne vulgarisSilene bosniacaSinapis arvensisSisymbrium officinaleSmilax asperaSolanum nigrumSonchus arvensisSonchus oleraceusSorbnus aucupariaSorbus ariaSorbus chamaemespilusSorbus domesticaSorbus torminalisStachys officinalisStellaria holosteaStellaria mediaSymphytum officinaleSymphytum tuberosumTamus communisTanacetum vulgareTaraxacum officinaleTaxus baccataThlaspi arvenseThymus pulegioidesThymus serpyllumTilia cordatarTilia platyphyllosTragopogon orientalisTragopogon pratensisTrapa natansTrifolium hybridumTrifolium pannonicumTrifolium pratenseTrifolium repensTrifolium resupinatumTriglochin maritimumTussilago farfaraTypha angustifoliaTypha latifoliaUrtica dioicaUrtica urensVaccinium myrtillusVaccinium vitis-idaeaValerianella locustaVeronica beccabungaViola albaViola bifloraViola elegantulaViola odorataViola tricolorVitis silvestris

Zusammenfassung: This article presents first systematical procedure results on traditional usage of wild, edible, vitaminous, and aromatic plants in the nutrition of human population in Bosnia and Herzegovina (W. Balkan peninsula; SE Europe). By method of an ethnobotanical interview, which comprised of over 250 persons, whose average age was 55, and by research on edible wild flora all around Bosnia and Herzegovina that extended over many years, detected were 308 plants belonging to 73 plant families that are being used in nutrition and diet of indigenous population. Edible wild plants are used as delicious vegetables, fruits, peer and spices, in either fresh, raw, or dried condition. Plants are being used for the making of cooked food (33%), fresh salads (19%), mush and bread (17%), or as fresh, wild fruits and drinks (13%) or as spices and ethno-pharmacological potions (10%). The majority of identified, wild edible plants may satisfy the daily human need for elementary nutrition material, particularly those of vitamins C and A, and for some minerals, according to the regulations of World Health Organization (WHO).



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