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Kwak 1978
Autor Kwak, Manja M.  +
Autorenschaft Kwak, Manja M.  +
Band 27  +
DOI 10.2307/1220235  +
Deutsche Übersetzung Bestäubung, Hybridisierung und ethologische Isolierung von ''Rhinanthus minor'' und ''R. serotinus'' (Rhinanthoideae: Scrophulariaceae) durch Hummeln (''Bombus'' Latr.)  +
Formatierte Literaturausgabe (Kapitälchen) <div class="hanging-indent cite" style=
<div class="hanging-indent cite" style="" id="Kwak_1978"><span style="font-variant:small-caps">Kwak,<span></span> M.<span></span> M.</span> <span style="white-space:nowrap;">1978</span>: <em>Pollination, Hybridization and Ethological Isolation of ''Rhinanthus minor'' and ''R. serotinus'' (Rhinanthoideae: Scrophulariaceae) by Bumblebees (''Bombus'' Latr.).</em> In: ''Taxon.'' Bd. 27, Nr. 2/3, <span class="plainlinks-print">[http://dispatch.opac.d-nb.de/DB=1.1/CMD?ACT=SRCHA&IKT=8&TRM=0040-0262 ISSN 0040-0262]</span>, S. 145–158, [[Digital Object Identifier|doi]]:[http://dx.doi.org/10.2307%2F1220235 <span>10.2307/1220235</span>] ([https://www.jstor.org/stable/1220235 https:/​/​www.​jstor.​org/​stable/​1220235], abgerufen am 19. Mai 2020). (Übersetzung: Bestäubung, Hybridisierung und ethologische Isolierung von ''Rhinanthus minor'' und ''R. serotinus'' (Rhinanthoideae: Scrophulariaceae) durch Hummeln (''Bombus'' Latr.))</div><span style="display: none;" class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=journal&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Foffene-naturfuehrer.de%3AKwak+1978&rft.atitle=Pollination%2C+Hybridization+and+Ethological+Isolation+of+%27%27Rhinanthus+minor%27%27+and+%27%27R.+serotinus%27%27+%28Rhinanthoideae%3A+Scrophulariaceae%29+by+Bumblebees+%28%27%27Bombus%27%27+Latr.%29&rft.series=Taxon&rft.au=Kwak%2C+Manja+M.&rft.date=1978&rft.volume=27&rft.issue=2%2F3&rft.pages=145%E2%80%93158&rft.issn=0040-0262&rft_id=info:doi/10.2307%2F1220235&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.jstor.org%2Fstable%2F1220235"> </span>
.org%2Fstable%2F1220235"> </span>  +
Formatierte Literaturausgabe (Standard) <div class="hanging-indent cite" style=
<div class="hanging-indent cite" style="" id="Kwak_1978">Kwak,<span></span> M.<span></span> M. <span style="white-space:nowrap;">1978</span>: <em>Pollination, Hybridization and Ethological Isolation of ''Rhinanthus minor'' and ''R. serotinus'' (Rhinanthoideae: Scrophulariaceae) by Bumblebees (''Bombus'' Latr.).</em> In: ''Taxon.'' Bd. 27, Nr. 2/3, <span class="plainlinks-print">[http://dispatch.opac.d-nb.de/DB=1.1/CMD?ACT=SRCHA&IKT=8&TRM=0040-0262 ISSN 0040-0262]</span>, S. 145–158, [[Digital Object Identifier|doi]]:[http://dx.doi.org/10.2307%2F1220235 <span>10.2307/1220235</span>] ([https://www.jstor.org/stable/1220235 https:/​/​www.​jstor.​org/​stable/​1220235], abgerufen am 19. Mai 2020). (Übersetzung: Bestäubung, Hybridisierung und ethologische Isolierung von ''Rhinanthus minor'' und ''R. serotinus'' (Rhinanthoideae: Scrophulariaceae) durch Hummeln (''Bombus'' Latr.))</div><span style="display: none;" class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=journal&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Foffene-naturfuehrer.de%3AKwak+1978&rft.atitle=Pollination%2C+Hybridization+and+Ethological+Isolation+of+%27%27Rhinanthus+minor%27%27+and+%27%27R.+serotinus%27%27+%28Rhinanthoideae%3A+Scrophulariaceae%29+by+Bumblebees+%28%27%27Bombus%27%27+Latr.%29&rft.series=Taxon&rft.au=Kwak%2C+Manja+M.&rft.date=1978&rft.volume=27&rft.issue=2%2F3&rft.pages=145%E2%80%93158&rft.issn=0040-0262&rft_id=info:doi/10.2307%2F1220235&rft_id=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.jstor.org%2Fstable%2F1220235"> </span>
.org%2Fstable%2F1220235"> </span>  +
ISSN 0040-0262  +
Jahr 1978  +
Letzter Zugriff 19 Mai 2020  +
Literaturangabe Nummer 2/3  +
Online https://www.jstor.org/stable/1220235  +
Originalsprache en  +
Sammelwerk Taxon  +
Seiten 145–158  +
Seitenname Kwak 1978 +
Sortierschlüssel Kwak,ManjaM1978Pollination,HybridizationandEthologicalIsolationofRhinanthusminorandRserotinus(RhinanthoideaeScrophulariaceae)byBumblebees(BombusLatr)Taxon  +
Stichwort Bombus terrestris  + , Rhinanthus minor  + , pollination  + , Rhinanthus serotinus  + , Bombus  + , Bombus pascuorum  + , Bombus hortorum  + , Bombus pratorum  + , Bombus lapidarius  + , Bombus equestris  + , Bombus hypnorum  + , Bombus jonellus  + , Bombus muscorum  + , Bombus ruderarius  + , englisch  + , Blütenbestäubung  + , Blütenbesucher  + , Hummeln  + , Tier und Pflanze Interaktion  +
Titel Pollination, Hybridization and Ethological Isolation of ''Rhinanthus minor'' and ''R. serotinus'' (Rhinanthoideae: Scrophulariaceae) by Bumblebees (''Bombus'' Latr.)  +
Zusammenfassung The pollination, hybridization and etholog
The pollination, hybridization and ethological isolation of sympatric and synchronously flowering annuals Rhinanthus minor and R. serotinus were studied. Pollination was achieved by nototribically and sternotribically pollinating bumblebees (Bombus spp.), i.e. the essential parts of the flower contacts the dorsal respectively the ventral side of the insect’s body. In general, pollination behaviour was related to tongue lengths of bumblebee species. Bumblebees could bring about species hybridization by visits to both plants species during one foraging trip as nototribic or as sternotribic pollinators and species isolation by visits to only one species during one foraging trip or by visits to one species nototribically and to the other sternotribically during one foraging trip. Hybridization between the two annual Rhinanthus species resulted in the rise of hybrid swarms. Partial isolation could be effected if medium-tongued or short-tongued bumblebee species visited both plant species during one foraging trip; in that case the stigma of R. minor is not able to touch the sites of R. serotinus pollen on the bodies of the bumblebees, but the reverse may be possible. The inaccessibility of the R. minor stigma resulted in R. minor remaining relatively „pure“. By analyzing the foraging patterns of bumblebees on Rhinanthus during three successive days the significance of two different forms of ethological isolation is considered. About 40% of the observed bumblebees confined their visits to one Rhinanthus species. The long-tongued B. hortorum showed a strong preference for R. serotinus. The behaviour patterns of 60% brought about partial isolation or hybridization. The medium-tongued B. pascuorum was responsible for partial isolation (isolation of R. minor). The short-tongued species B. pratorum, B. terrestris and B. lapidarius were „good“ hybridizers. To support the idea that introgression into R. serotinus was likely, some other factors are discussed, e.g. the attractiveness of R. serotinus, and the fact that bumblebees are more likely to alternate between R. serotinus and the hybrid forms.
between R. serotinus and the hybrid forms.  +
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Categories Literatur , Literatureintrag
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